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USDA Opens the Door to New Untested, Unlabeled GMOs


24  July 2019 | By Pat Thomas | Organic Consumers Association

Our right to know if it’s GMO is officially under attack—again.

On June 6, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) proposed to overhaul longstanding regulations governing genetically modified organisms (GMO). The  proposed new rule would revise the agency’s current method for regulating genetically modified plants, and would exclude newer so-called “gene-edited” GMOs.

In a statement, the USDA said the new rule came “in response to advances in genetic engineering.”

A week later, in the political equivalent of a one-two-punch, President Trump bolstered the USDA’s proposal by signing an executive order directing the USDA, as well as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA, to “streamline” GMO regulations in the U.S. for agricultural biotechnology, including for genetically modified livestock and seeds.

The full import of these two moves, and specifically the threat that they represent to consumer freedom, is only just starting to sink in—and the need for consumer action has become urgent. Contact the USDA here.

Steamrolling the regs

According to the USDA, it’ proposed new rule—the “Movement of Certain Genetically Engineered Organisms”—aims to make the process of approving GMOs Sustainable, Ecological, Consistent, Uniform, Responsible, Efficient, which is why it has been given the nickname the SECURE Rule.

If adopted the new rule would mark the first significant revision of USDA’s biotechnology regulations since they were established in 1987.

In reality, SECURE is akin to driving a steamroller through the regulatory system. If approved, most consumers will be left without a clue as to whether or not their foods have been genetically engineered.

USDA argues that the process of genetic engineering has changed dramatically over the years and that current regulations don’t reflect those changes. New technologies such as CRISPR make genetically engineering food faster and simpler. Scientists argue that they can make big changes to plants and animals my making small precise changes in the genome—changes they say are more like ‘tweaking’ or ‘editing’ rather than ‘engineering. That’s why they have given these new techniques the media friendly name “gene editing” (GE).

Close (enough) to nature?

Scientists also argue that the gene editing process is “close to nature”—or at least close enough—that it shouldn’t require oversight or labeling.

The truth is, that while the technology has certainly advanced, gene editing is still genetic engineering. It is still prone to all the same problems—for instance unpredictable effects in the organism itself, in the wider environment and for human health—as other forms of genetic engineering. Most importantly it is far too novel and untested to simply give it a free pass in the regulatory system.

USDA says that plants and animals with traits “similar in kind” to modifications that could be produced through natural and traditional breeding techniques should be exempt. But this is just rewording of the tired old “substantial equivalence” dictate which says that no matter how it was produced, if it looks like an apple or a fish it must be an apple or a fish.

Don’t be fooled by this. The products of gene-editing are the products of genetic engineering. After all, they’re significantly different enough from natural foods to allow their developers to patent them. Truly natural foods can’t be patented.

Accepting that these new gene-edited plants and animals are “similar in kind” to natural food means that far fewer genetically engineered plants would need federal approval—or notification—before being brought to market. In fact, under the new rulings biotech companies will be allowed to regulate themselves. They can “self-determine” if their gene edited plant or animal fits this category.

Removing regulatory barriers will reduce the cost of developing new GE foods. So at a time when we desperately need more farmers to care for our land and produce healthy nutritious food, we could see instead more GE food developers taking control of our food supply.

Executive interference

“It should come as a surprise to no one that, under the Trump administration, the biotechnology industry is basically getting its way on every policy issue and policy forum,” said Charles Benbrook, agricultural economist, organic proponent and one of the expert witnesses in support of Lee Johnson Roundup trial. “But as in the past, the real constraints will be the willingness of consumers to buy new products that haven’t been adequately tested and of course, whether the food industry and farmers will actually embrace the new technology.”

In fact, President Trump’s executive order goes to newer—and creepier—heights to try and ensure consumer compliance.

In addition to a mandate to remove the “undue burdens” of regulation from gene-edited foods, the President also ordered the relevant agencies to produce “educational materials” that “clearly communicate the demonstrated benefits of agricultural biotechnology”—to be used in both science education and consumer outreach.

The order states that the agencies: “shall develop an international communications and outreach strategy to facilitate engagement abroad with policymakers, consumers, industry and other stakeholders.”

But this education package isn’t intended solely for consumers in the U.S. The order further mandates that the agencies spread the GMO gospel internationally by developing “an international strategy to remove unjustified trade barriers and expand markets for products of agricultural biotechnology.”

But hang on a minute

In the President’s imagination this vast propaganda exercise will “increase international acceptance” for GMOs and open up vast new markets for U.S.-produced GE crops and animal products.

Certainly ongoing trade disputes between the U.S. and China have seen the U.S. casting around for new export markets. The Chinese have a stricter approval process for GM crops, licenses are granted for short periods of three years.  U.S. companies and farmers complain that these limits stall trade by restricting the sale of new products from companies such as DowDuPont, Bayer and Syngenta.

But a simple reality check reveals that the “don’t ask don’t tell” approach to new GMOs proposed by the USDA is not only out of step with what consumers want, and with USDA organic standards, it’s completely out of line with the regulatory requirements in the European Union (EU)—America’s biggest trading partner. Colorful leaflets and happy-clappy infomercials about the benefits of GMOs are not likely to change that.

New U.S. labelling requirements are also out of step with those in the rest of the world. From January 1, 2020, the USDA will require some—but not all—genetically engineered products to carry the Bioengineered (BE) label. Those made using gene-editing technologies are likely to go unlabeled, but as Benbrook notes “just because they’re not labeled in the U.S. doesn’t mean they won’t be labeled in other countries.”

As a regulatory term, the word ‘bioengineered’ is meaningless outside of the U.S. (and some would argue inside the U.S.) and the EU does not distinguish between gene editing and genetic modification. Those products would either not be allowed or could require extra certification before they can be exported to countries with stricter regulations.

An example of this is the Calyxt GE soybean which can be sold in the U.S. without labeling but which, under EU law is a GMO and has not been approved for sale there.

All is not lost

Although they support each other, Trump’s seemingly hastily thrown together executive order is ultimately of less concern than the changes proposed by the USDA.

According to Michael Hansen, PhD, Senior Staff Scientist at Consumer Reports, “This is all part of the strong deregulatory stance of this administration, which wants to take safety assessments away from the government and put it in the hands of the companies.”

“The thing that just baffles me,” says Benbrook “is that the industry appears to not have learned anything from the really disastrous rollout of these technologies in the past. From bovine growth hormone to the GE tomatoes, the Arctic Apple and the AquaBounty salmon, consumer skepticism has delayed the marketing or direction of these products, or even made them obsolete.”

Once the USDA regulations become final it is highly likely that civil society groups will challenge them through the courts. But consumers can also help shape the outcome. Members of the public can (and should) submit commentsabout the proposed new rule to the USDA until August 5.

Now is the time to let the USDA know that we will continue to meet these new untested, unlabeled food products of biotechnology with skepticism and the demand that regulators fulfill their primary function—to be gatekeepers, not doormen.

Pat Thomas is a journalist, author and campaigner specializing in food, environment and health. See more on her website. To keep up with Organic Consumers Association (OCA) news and alerts, sign up for our newsletter.

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Thanks to BF for sharing this link with us at ZERO-GMO!

The post USDA Opens the Door to New Untested, Unlabeled GMOs appeared first on ZERO GMO.

translate | Fri, 26 Jul 2019 00:53:37 +0000

TAKE ACTION — Don’t Let Monsanto Approve Their Own GMO’s!


11 July 2019 | Responsible Technology 

The Trump administration just proposed new rules to change how GMOs are regulated. They would make almost every GMO exempt from regulation and instead allow the company that makes the GMOs to decide the safety of its own products before selling them. What could go wrong?

 

Chemical companies shouldn’t be able to decide what is safe for us or the environment! Link To Take Action

 

Link To Trump orders federal agencies to ‘streamline’ GMO regulations

 

 

Thank you to BF for sharing this Action with us at Zero-GMO!

The post TAKE ACTION — Don’t Let Monsanto Approve Their Own GMO’s! appeared first on ZERO GMO.

translate | Fri, 12 Jul 2019 00:09:39 +0000

Organic Farming in the EU


March 2019 | European Commission  | Agricultural Market Briefs

Organic production is an overall system of farm management and food production that contributes to the preservation of natural resources and applies high animal welfare and production standards.

Recent production and market trends show the importance that organics has gained over the last decade. Organic farming responds to a specific consumer demand for sustainable food products, promoting more sustainable farming practices and contributing to the protection of the environment and improved animal welfare. This growing demand for organic products is matched by a rapidly growing production: EU organic area increased by 70 % in the last ten years and organic retail sales reached EUR 34 billion in 2017, providing farmers with further added value on their production.

The aim of this brief is to describe the main features of the organic sector and report on the latest production and consumption trends.

Link To Full_market-brief-organic-farming-in-the-eu_mar2019_en

The post Organic Farming in the EU appeared first on ZERO GMO.

translate | Tue, 18 Jun 2019 23:31:41 +0000

The Non-GMO Market


vitacost.com |Non-GMO facts | Non-GMO Product Finder

Non-GMO foods and supplements are made without GMOs.

Link To Source

The post The Non-GMO Market appeared first on ZERO GMO.

translate | Sat, 25 May 2019 22:28:04 +0000

A Silent Forest


14 July 2012 |  The Growing Threat, Genetically Engineered Trees – Agenda 21

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Thank you to SL for sharing this video with us at ZERO-GMO!

The post A Silent Forest appeared first on ZERO GMO.

translate | Sun, 05 May 2019 23:23:01 +0000

FRENCH COURT RULES MONSANTO LIABLE FOR FARMER’S HEALTH PROBLEMS


12 April 2019 | Olivia Rosane, EcoWatch  |  Waking Times 

 

A French appeals court ruled Thursday in favor of a farmer who has been in a decade-long fight with Monsanto since he fell ill after inhaling a now-banned weedkiller.

Paul Francois, 55, said he suffered neurological damage after inhaling Monsanto’s Lasso in 2004. He sued the company arguing that the labeling on the product had been inadequate. Courts ruled in his favor in 2012 and 2015, but France’s top court overturned those rulings and ordered a new hearing.

“We are all happy to have won but it came at a heavy price,” Francois told reporters, according to Reuters. “It’s a big sigh of relief. It’s been 12 years of fighting, 12 years during which I had to put my whole life on hold.”

Bayer, which acquired Monsanto in 2018, told BBC News it was considering options including an appeal.

“We are currently reviewing the decision of the court,” a company spokesperson said.

Thursday’s decision follows a series of legal setbacks for the company since it acquired Monsanto. Two juries in the U.S. have now ruled in favor of plaintiffs claiming that glyphosate, the active ingredient in the company’s Roundup weedkiller, caused them to develop cancer. There are more than 10,000 similar lawsuits pending.

French farmer Paul Francois outside a courthouse before a 2015 appeal of his case against Monsanto. JEFF PACHOUD / AFP / Getty Images

 

Bayer’s chief executive said the company was “massively affected” by the lawsuits, Reuters reported, which are partly responsible for the loss of 30 billion euros (approximately $33.9 billion) of its market value since August 2018.

Lasso has a different active ingredient, monochlorobenzene, that was found in Fracois’ body after he inhaled the weedkiller. Francois said he suffered memory loss, headaches and difficulty speaking that forced him to stop working, BBC News reported.

Lasso was banned in France in 2007 and had been prohibited in Canada as early as 1985 and in Belgium and the UK in 1992, AFP reported. Francois is asking for 1 million euros (approximately $1.1 million) in damages, arguing that Monsanto was aware of the dangers of the product and should have done more to warn users of potential hazards.

The court in Lyon, France agreed, saying the label should have included “a notice on the specific dangers of using the product in vats and reservoirs,” AFP reported.

“The plaintiff’s assumed technical knowledge does not excuse the lack of information on the product and its harmful effects — a farmer is not a chemist,” the court ruled.

Bayer disagreed that Monsanto had done anything wrong.

“Plant protection products are among the products whose evaluation and authorisation are the most strictly regulated in the world,” a Bayer spokeswoman told BBC News. “They are safe when used as directed.”

The court Thursday ordered Monsanto to pay 50,000 euros (approximately $56,570) for Francois’ legal fees but did not rule on the overall compensation. That will be decided in a later ruling, AFP reported.

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Thank you to SC for sharing this article with us @ ZERO-GMO!

The post FRENCH COURT RULES MONSANTO LIABLE FOR FARMER’S HEALTH PROBLEMS appeared first on ZERO GMO.

translate | Sat, 13 Apr 2019 03:49:59 +0000

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