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News from Nowhere

Welcome to 2033 #PodLife (sponsored by Caresforce)


The year is 2033. You own nothing.


Even the 'morality pills' in your pocket are on a microfinance loan secured against your future exhalation-metrics. You regularly practice shallow-breathing techniques, which register on your subcutaneous FitByte as 'Earth Tokens'. In ten years, you hope to trade them for a day-trip out of the city.


Your daily conversations are an admixture of corporate slogans and approved talking points. Intelligence is commonly understood as the ability to quickly and accurately assimilate and regurgitate your daily news-bites; ignoring contradictions in the narrative is seen as virtuous. Yesterdays news can be today's heresy and expressing 'violent opinions' (even to yourself) is a guaranteed trip to the Tranquillity Camps.


Your co-child's preschool has recently been upgraded to an immersive 'Edutech' pod, and once a month (when it's your turn to see the child) they come home, talking about getting nudged and poked by 'Uncle Bill' and Madam Abromavitch. You think nothing of it, as you see the pair on TV regularly enough.


You work for the OSS (Office of Statistical Security), revising and re-revising historic mortality data (prior to 2020), in line with the latest science models. You learnt in school that work has no meaning, it's just an organised system of oppression for wages, but it gets you out of your Smart Pod (and away from your 22 room mates).


You save a few carbon-credits by entering a scopolamine-induced mindfulness trance when on all forms of public transport. Studies have shown this can reduce your toxic CO2 emissions by as much as 6% over a lifetime, you tell yourself 'every little helps' each morning before you mask-up and begin your daily 'gas-brings-freedom' work programme. You had originally signed-up for it, to get a 'top fan' badge from the Greta Institute (which has since been revoked).


As of 2029 all statues and iconography of "Greta the Denier" were anaerobically combusted as per EarthGovt Diktat G92188106A2: as-such any discussion of the incident that led to her voluntary interment in the Tranquillity Camps has been disallowed. You secretly hope she'll survive and be re-canonised by the Climate Regime, in the near future. In your more paranoid moments, you suspect that this thought may be the reason why you've been restricted from leaving Biocircular Doughnut Region 12 (the human habitation zone surrounding the green-city wasteland formerly known as Bristol). There are rumours on several State-owned alternative information channels, that she's now genderfluid and on the road to remediation.


You pass the Covid-Cheka shuttleblocks on your way to work, and see a bearded man being rectally probed beside the road. You say to yourself, "I'm sure glad I got the permaSchwab embedded last year!" Your Neural-lace responds by triggering a small serotonin release and you gain +2 Responsibility Points, which register on your Human Capital data-hub. The driverless Uberbot overhears the word 'permaSchwab' and asks if you want to swing-by the clinic… your buttocks twitches and you double-up on morality pills.


Your cousin has a place out in the country, and you sometimes wonder if the rural life would be less demanding. After all, he's allowed to work the land in accordance with a few simple mandatory guidelines. His 'CommuPod' must submit their combined CO2 emissions to Gaia (the Global Artificial Intelligence Amalgamation), every Earth Day; use less than 0.1 global hectares of the EarthGovt's resources (per mask-wearer); have only 0.23 children per couple, and set-up a shrine to Maurice Strong or Al Gore besides their bunk-beds.


… last time you spoke, he said that the neighbouring farmers had just been "Net-Zero'd" for failure to register unlicensed vegetable production. If only you could find another 32 people in your socially distanced tech-cubicle VR office, and convince them to leave the city, maybe you could move into the farm next to your cousin. You begin to wish that you were still allowed to talk to your colleagues, before popping another pill and forgetting about the whole idea.


Your Quadupem-Dot tattoo is continuously connected to the 'Internet-of-Bodies' (IoB), monitoring and reporting your vital body-data, happiness and arousal metrics which are shared in real-time with Caresforce. You got the full package deal, because it came with free complementary shares in your own Happiness-Data, which you traded-in for coupons for a limited edition MucSoylent slushy. Your Caresforce Virtu-Twin warned you at the time, against such reckless Human Capital management, before processing the transaction for you, whilst you waited in the MucSoylent Uber-Q.
You missed the bus today, and so spent a weeks microfinance on a Genobike Share Scheme. You'll earn some carbon-credits back, once you get to work and sell the electricity that your weary peddling has generated, back to the EarthGovt. The peddles are stiff, but you're late so you take a shortcut through the soy plantations. Swarms of Monsanto nano-pollinators ziss all around you.


As you finally get to the top of the hill and start to descend, you feel exhausted and yawn, accidentally swallowing a patented Pollinator-bot. Your Smart collar constricts tightly, choking, you fall off your Genobike, the NurtiBullet Al-Gore-rhythms detected a non-approved bug-protein. As such, you are deemed to be using more than your Fair-Shares of the EarthGovt's resources and are demoted to half Soylent rations, until next Earth-day.


Stay safe.

translate | 28 Feb 2021 | 6:10 pm

Schwab Family Values


Is the real Klaus Schwab a kindly old uncle figure wishing to do good for humanity, or is he really the son of a Nazi collaborator who used slave labour and aided Nazi efforts to obtain the first atomic bomb? Johnny Vedmore investigates.

On the morning of 11 September 2001, Klaus Schwab sat having breakfast in the Park East Synagogue in New York City with Rabbi Arthur Schneier, former Vice President for the World Jewish Congress and closely associate of the Bronfman and Lauder families. Together, the two men watched one of the most impactful events of the next twenty years unfold as planes struck the World Trade Center buildings. Now, two decades on, Klaus Schwab again sits in a front row seat of yet a generation-defining moment in modern human history.

Always seeming to have a front row seat when tragedy approaches, Schwab's proximity to world-altering events likely owes to his being one of the most well-connected men on Earth. As the driving force behind the World Economic Forum, "the international organization for public-private cooperation," Schwab has courted heads of state, leading business executives, and the elite of academic and scientific circles into the Davos fold for over 50 years. More recently, he has also courted the ire of many due to his more recent role as the frontman of the Great Reset, a sweeping effort to remake civilization globally for the express benefit of the elite of the World Economic Forum and their allies.

Schwab, during the Forum's annual meeting in January 2021, stressed that the building of trust would be integral to the success of the Great Reset, signalling a subsequent expansion of the initiative's already massive public relations campaign. Though Schwab called for the building of trust through unspecified "progress," trust is normally facilitated through transparency. Perhaps that is why so many have declined to trust Mr. Schwab and his motives, as so little is known about the man's history and background prior to his founding of the World Economic Forum in the early 1970s.

Like many prominent frontmen for elite-sponsored agendas, the online record of Schwab has been well-sanitized, making it difficult to come across information on his early history as well as information on his family. Yet, having been born in Ravensburg, Germany in 1938, many have speculated in recent months that Schwab's family may have had some tie to Axis war efforts, ties that, if exposed, could threaten the reputation of the World Economic Forum and bring unwanted scrutiny to its professed missions and motives.

In this Unlimited Hangout investigation, the past that Klaus Schwab has worked to hide is explored in detail, revealing the involvement of the Schwab family, not only in the Nazi quest for an atomic bomb, but apartheid South Africa's illegal nuclear programme. Especially revealing is the history of Klaus' father, Eugen Schwab, who led the Nazi-supported German branch of a Swiss engineering firm into the war as a prominent military contractor. That company, Escher-Wyss, would use slave labor to produce machinery critical to the Nazi war effort as well as the Nazi's effort to produce heavy water for its nuclear program. Years later, at the same company, a young Klaus Schwab served on the board of directors when the decision was made to furnish the racist apartheid regime of South Africa with the necessary equipment to further its quest to become a nuclear power.

With the World Economic Forum now a prominent advocate for nuclear non-proliferation and "clean" nuclear energy, Klaus Schwab's past makes him a poor spokesperson for his professed agenda for the present and the future. Yet, digging even deeper into his activities, it becomes clear that Schwab's real role has long been to "shape global, regional and industry agendas" of the present in order to ensure the continuity of larger, much older agendas that came into disrepute after World War II, not just nuclear technology, but also eugenics-influenced population control policies.

A Swabian Story

On 10 July 1870, Klaus Schwab's grandfather Jakob Wilhelm Gottfried Schwab, referred to later as simply Gottfried, was born in a Germany at war with its French neighbours. Karlsruhe, the town where Gottfried Schwab was born, was located in the Grand Duchy of Baden, ruled in 1870 by the 43 year old Grand Duke of Baden, Frederick I. The following year, the aforementioned Duke would be present at the proclamation of the German Empire which took place in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles. He was the only son-in-law of the incumbent Emperor Wilhelm I and, as Frederick I, was one of the reigning sovereigns of Germany. By the time Gottfried Schwab turned 18 years old, Germany would see Wilhelm II take the throne upon the death of his father, Frederick III.

In 1893, a 23 year old Gottfried Schwab would officially depart from Germany giving up his German citizenship and leaving Karlsruhe in order to emigrate to Switzerland. At the time, his occupation was noted as being that of a simple baker. Here, Gottfried would meet Marie Lappert who was from Kirchberg near Bern, Switzerland and who was five years his junior. They would marry in Roggwil, Bern, on 27 May 1898 and the following year, on 27 April 1899, their child Eugen Schwab was born. At the time of his birth, Gottfried Schwab had moved up in the world, having become a Machine Engineer. When Eugen was around one year old, Gottfried and Marie Schwab decided to return to live in Karlsruhe and Gottfried reapplied for German citizenship again.

Eugen Schwab would follow in the footsteps of his father and also become a Machine Engineer and in future years, he would advise his children to do the same. Eugen Schwab would eventually begin working at a factory in a town in Upper Swabia in Southern Germany, capital of the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg.

The factory where he would forge his career was the German branch of a Swiss company named Escher Wyss. Switzerland had many long standing economic ties to the Ravensburg area, with Swiss traders in the early 19th century bringing in yarn and weaving products. In the same period, Ravensburg delivered grain to Rorschach until 1870, alongside breeding animals and various cheeses, deep within the Swiss Alps. Between 1809 and 1837, there were 375 Swiss people living in Ravensburg, though the Swiss population had dropped to 133 by 1910.

In the 1830s, skilled Swiss workers set up a cotton factory with an incorporated bleaching and finishing plant owned and maintained by the Erpf brothers. The Ravensburg horse market, created in around 1840, also attracted many people from Switzerland, especially after the 1847 opening of the railway line from Ravensburg to Friedrichshafen, a town situated on nearby Lake Constance on the borderlands of Switzerland and Germany.

Rorsach grain traders would make regular visits to the Ravensburger Kornhaus and eventually this cross-border cooperation and trade also led to a branch of the Zurich machine factory, Escher-Wyss & Cie, opening in the city. This feat was made plausible once a train line connecting the Swiss to the German route network was completed between 1850 and 1853. The factory was set up by Walter Zuppinger between 1856 to 1859 and would begin production in 1860. In 1861, we can see the first official patent of the manufacturers Escher-Wyss in Ravensburg of "peculiar facilities on mechanical looms for ribbon weaving". At this time, the Ravensburg branch of Escher Wyss would be directed by Walter Zuppinger, and would be where he developed his tangential turbine and where he gained a number of additional patents. In 1870, Zuppinger along with others would also founded a paper mill works in Baienfurt close to Ravensburg. He retired in 1875 and devoted all his energies to the further advance of turbines.

Founding Document of the Escher-Wyss Ravensburg Factory, dated 1860.

At the turn of the new century, Escher-Wyss had put the ribbon weaving to one side and begun to concentrate on much bigger projects like the production of large industrial turbines and, in 1907, they sought an "approval and concession procedure" for the construction of a hydropower plant near Dogern am Rhein, which was reported in a Basel brochure from 1925.

By 1920, Escher-Wyss found themselves embroiled in serious financial difficulties. The treaty of Versailles had restricted the military and economic growth of Germany following the Great War, and the Swiss Company found the downturn in neighbouring national civil engineering projects too much to bear. The parent branch of Escher-Wyss was located in Zurich and dated back to 1805 and the company, which still benefited from a good reputation and a history lasting more than a century, was deemed too important to lose. In December 1920, a reorganization was carried out by writing down the share capital from 11.5 to 4.015 million French Francs and which was later increased again to 5.515 million Swiss Francs. By the end of the financial year of 1931, Escher-Wyss was still losing money.

Yet, the plucky company continued to deliver large scale civil engineering contracts throughout the 1920s as noted in the official correspondence written in 1924 from Wilhelm III Prince of Urach to the company Escher-Wyss and to the asset manager of the House of Urach, accountant Julius Heller. This document discusses the "General Terms and Conditions of the Association of German Water Turbine Manufacturers for the Delivery of Machines and Other Equipment for Hydropower Plants". This is also confirmed in a brochure on the "Conditions of the Association of German Water Turbine Manufacturers for the Installation of Turbines and Machine Parts within the German Reich", printed on March 20, 1923 in an advertising brochure from Escher-Wyss for a universal oil pressure regulator.

After the Great Depression in the early 1930s had laid waste to the global economy, Escher-Wyss announced, "as the catastrophic development of the economic situation in connection with the currency declines; The company [Escher-Wyss] is temporarily unable to continue its current liabilities in various customer countries." The company also revealed that they would apply for a court deferral to the Swiss newspaper Neue Zürcher Nachrichten, which reported on 1 December 1931 that, "the company Escher-Wyss has been granted a stay of bankruptcy until the end of March 1932 and, acting as curator in Switzerland, a trust company has been appointed." The article stated optimistically that, "there should be a prospect of continuing operations." In 1931, Escher-Wyss employed around 1,300 non-contracted workers and 550 salaried employees.

By the mid-1930s, Escher-Wyss had again found itself in financial trouble. In order to rescue the company this time, a consortium was brought on board to save the ailing engineering firm. The consortium was partly formed by the Federal Bank of Switzerland (which was coincidently headed by a Max Schwab, who is of no relation to Klaus Schwab) and further restructuring took place. In 1938, it was announced that an engineer at the firm, Colonel Jacob Schmidheiny would become the new President of the Board of Directors at Escher-Wyss. Soon after the outbreak of war in 1939, Schmidheiny was quoted as saying, "The outbreak of war does not necessarily mean unemployment for the machine industry in a neutral country, on the contrary." Escher-Wyss, and its new management, were apparently looking forward to profiting off the war, paving the way for their transformation into a major Nazi military contractor.

A Brief History of Jewish Persecution in Ravensburg

When Adolf Hitler came to power, many things changed in Germany, and the story of the Jewish population of Ravensburg during that era is a sad one to tell. Yet, it was hardly the first time that anti-Semitism had first been recorded as having reared its ugly head in the region.

In the Middle Ages, a synagogue, mentioned as far back as 1345 was located at the centre of Ravensburg, serving a small Jewish community which can be traced from 1330 to 1429. At the end of 1429 and through 1430, the Jews of Ravensburg were targeted and a horrific massacre ensued. In the nearby settlements of Lindau, Überlingen, Buchhorn (later renamed Friedrichshafen), Meersburg and Konstanz, there were mass arrests of Jewish residents. The Jews of Lindau were burnt alive during the 1429/1430 Ravensburg blood libel, in which members of the Jewish community were accused of ritually sacrificing babies. In August 1430, in Überlingen, the Jewish community was forced to convert, 11 of them did so and the 12 who refused were killed. The massacres which took place in Lindau, Überlingen and Ravensburg happened with the direct approval of the ruling King Sigmund and any remaining Jews were soon expelled from the region.

Ravensburg had this ban confirmed by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1559 and it was upheld, for example, in an 1804 instruction issued for the city guard, which read: "Since the Jews are not allowed to engage in any trade or business here, no one else is allowed to enter the city by post or by carriage, The rest, however, if they have not received a permit for a longer or shorter stay from the police office, are to be removed from the city by the police station."

Not until the 19th century were Jews able to settle legally in Ravensburg again and, even by then, their number remained so small that a synagogue was not rebuilt. In 1858, there were only 3 Jews recorded in Ravensburg and, in 1895, this number peaked at 57. From the turn of the century until 1933, the numbers of Jews living in Ravensburg had steadily decreased until the community was only made up of 23 people.

By the start of the 1930s, there were seven main Jewish families living in Ravensburg, including the Adler, Erlanger, Harburger, Herrmann, Landauer, Rose and Sondermann families. After the National Socialists seized power, some of the Ravensburg Jews were initially forced to emigrate, while others would later be murdered in Nazi concentration camps. Leading up to World War II, there were many public displays of hatred towards the small community of Jews in and around Ravensburg.

As early as March 13, 1933, about three weeks before the nationwide Nazi boycott of all Jewish shops in Germany, SA guards posted themselves in front of two of the five Jewish shops in Ravensburg and tried to prevent potential buyers from entering, putting up signs on one shop stating "Wohlwert closed until Aryanization". Wohlwert's would soon become "Aryanised" and would be the only Jewish-owned shop to survive the Nazi pogrom. The other owners of the four large Jewish department stores in Ravensburg; Knopf; Merkur; Landauer and Wallersteiner were all forced to sell their properties to non-Jewish merchants between 1935 and 1938. During this period, many of the Ravensburg Jews were able to flee abroad before the worst of the National Socialist persecution began. While at least eight died violently, it was reported that three Jewish citizens who lived in Ravensburg survived because of their "Aryan" spouses. Some of the Jews who were arrested in Ravensburg during Kristallnacht were forced to march through the streets of Baden-Baden under SS guard supervision the following day and were later deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Horrific Nazi crimes against humanity took place in Ravensburg. On 1 January 1934, the "Law for the Prevention of Hereditary Diseases" came into force in Nazi Germany, meaning people with diagnosed illnesses such as dementia, schizophrenia, epilepsy, hereditary deafness, and various other mental disorders, could be legally forcibly sterilised. In the Ravensburg City Hospital, today called Heilig-Geist Hospital, forced sterilisations were carried out beginning in April 1934. By 1936, sterilisation was the most performed medical procedure in the municipal hospital.

In the pre-war years of the 1930s leading up to the German annexation of Poland, Ravensburg's Escher-Wyss factory, now managed directly by Klaus Schwab's father, Eugen Schwab, continued to be the biggest employer in Ravensburg. Not only was the factory a major employer in the town, but Hitler's own Nazi party awarded the Escher-Wyss Ravensburg branch the title of "National Socialist Model Company" while Schwab was at the helm. The Nazis were potentially wooing the Swiss company for cooperation in the coming war, and their advances were eventually reciprocated.

Escher-Wyss Ravensburg and the War

Ravensburg was an anomaly in wartime Germany, as it was never targeted by any Allied airstrikes. The presence of the Red Cross, and a rumoured agreement with various companies including Escher-Wyss, saw the allied forces publicly agree to not target the Southern German town. It was not classified as a significant military target throughout the war and, for that reason, the town still maintains many of its original features. However, much darker things were afoot in Ravensburg once the war began.

Eugen Schwab continued to manage the "National Socialist Model Company" for Escher-Wyss, and the Swiss company would aid the Nazi Wermacht produce significant weapons of war as well as more basic armaments. The Escher-Wyss company was a leader in large turbine technology for hydroelectric dams and power plants, but they also manufactured parts for German fighter planes. They were also intimately involved in much more sinister projects happening behind the scenes which, if completed, could have changed the outcome of World War II.

Nazi officials in front of the Ravensburg Town Hall in 1938, Source: Haus der Stadtgeschichte Ravensburg

Western military intelligence were already aware of Escher-Wyss' complicity and collaboration with the Nazis. There are records available from western military intelligence at the time, specifically Record Group 226 (RG 226) from the data compiled by the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), which shows the Allied forces were aware of some of the Escher-Wyss' business dealings with the Nazis.

Within RG 226, there are three specific mentions of Escher-Wyss including:

  • File number 47178 which reads: Escher-Wyss of Switzerland is working on a large order for Germany. Flame-throwers are despatched from Switzerland under the name Brennstoffbehaelter. Dated Sept. 1944.
  • File number 41589 showed that the Swiss were allowing German exports to be stored in their country, a supposedly neutral nation during World War II. The entry reads: Business relations between Empresa Nacional Calvo Sotelo (ENCASO), Escher Wyss, and Mineral Celbau Gesellschaft. 1 p. July 1944; see also L 42627 Report on collaboration between the Spanish Empresa Nacional Calvo Sotelo and the German Rheinmetall Borsig, on German exports stored in Switzerland. 1 p. August 1944.
  • File number 72654 claimed that: Hungary's bauxite was formerly sent to Germany and Switzerland for refining. Then a government syndicate built an aluminium plant at Dunaalmas on the borders of Hungary. Electric power was provided; Hungary contributed coal mines, and equipment was ordered from the Swiss firm Escher-Wyss. Production began in 1941. 2 pp. May 1944.

Yet, Escher-Wyss were leaders in one blossoming field in particular, the creation of new turbine technology. The company had engineered a 14,500 HP turbine for the Norsk Hydro industrial facility's strategically important hydroelectric plant at Vemork, near Rjukan in Norway. The Norsk Hydro plant, part powered by Escher Wyss, was the only industrial plant under Nazi control capable of producing heavy water, an ingredient essential for making plutonium for the Nazi atomic bomb program. The Germans had put all possible resources behind the production of heavy water, but the Allied forces were aware of the potentially game-changing tech advances by the increasingly desperate Nazis.

During 1942 and 1943, the hydro plant was the target of partially successful British Commando and Norwegian Resistance raids, although heavy water production continued. The Allied forces would drop more than 400 bombs on the plant, which barely affected the operations at the sprawling facility. In 1944, German ships attempted to transport heavy water back to Germany, but the Norwegian Resistance were able to sink the ship carrying the payload. With help from Escher-Wyss, the Nazis were almost able to change the tides of war and bring about an Axis victory.

Back in the Escher-Wyss factory in Ravensburg, Eugen Schwab had been busy putting forced labourers to work at his model Nazi company. During the years of World War II, nearly 3,600 forced labourers worked in Ravensburg, including at Escher Wyss. According to the city archivist in Ravensburg, Andrea Schmuder, the Escher-Wyss machine factory in Ravensburg employed between 198 and 203 civil workers and POWs during the war. Karl Schweizer, a local Lindau historian, states that Escher-Wyss maintained a small special camp for forced labourers on the factory premises.

The use of masses of forced labourers in Ravensburg made it necessary to setup one of the largest recorded Nazi forced labour camps in the workshop of a former carpenter's at Ziegelstrasse 16. At one time, the camp in question accommodated 125 French prisoners of war who were later redistributed to other camps in 1942. The French workers were replaced by 150 Russian prisoners of war who, it was rumoured, were treated the worst out of all the POWs. One such prisoner was Zina Jakuschewa, whose work card and work book are held by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Those documents identify her as a non-Jewish forced labourer assigned to Ravensburg, Germany, during 1943 and 1944.

Eugen Schwab would dutifully maintain the status quo during the war years. After all, with young Klaus Martin Schwab having been born in 1938 and his brother Urs Reiner Schwab born a few years later, Eugen would have wanted to keep his children out of harm's way.

Klaus Martin Schwab – International Man of Mystery

Born on 30 March 1938 in Ravensburg, Germany, Klaus Schwab was the eldest child in a normal nuclear family. Between 1945 and 1947, Klaus attended primary school in Au, Germany. Klaus Schwab recalls in a 2006 interview with the Irish Times that:"After the war, I chaired the Franco-German regional youth association. My heroes were Adenauer, De Gasperi and De Gaulle."

Klaus Schwab and his younger brother, Urs Reiner Schwab, were both to follow in the footsteps of their grandfather, Gottfried, and their father, Eugen, and would both initially train as machine engineers. Klaus's father had told the young Schwab that, if he wanted to make an impact on the world, then he should train as a Machine Engineer. This would only be the beginning of Schwab's University credentials.

Klaus would begin studying his plethora of degrees at Spohn-Gymnasium Ravensburg between 1949 and 1957, eventually graduating from the Humanistisches Gymnasium in Ravensburg. Between 1958 and 1962, Klaus began working with various engineering companies and, in 1962, Klaus completed his mechanical engineering studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich with an engineering diploma. The following year, he also completed an economics course at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. From 1963 until 1966, Klaus worked as Assistant to the Director-General of the German Machine-building Association (VDMA), Frankfurt.

In 1965, Klaus was also working on his doctorate from the ETH Zurich, writing his dissertation on: "The longer-term export credit as a business problem in mechanical engineering". Then, in 1966, he received his Doctorate in Engineering from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich. At this time, Klaus's father, Eugen Schwab, was swimming in bigger circles than he had previously swam. After being a well known personality in Ravensburg as the Managing Director of the Escher-Wyss factory from before the war, Eugen would eventually be elected as President of the Ravensburg Chamber of Commerce. In 1966, during the founding of the German committee for Splügen railway tunnel, Eugen Schwab defined the founding of the German committee as a project "that creates a better and faster connection for large circles in our increasingly converging Europe and thus offers new opportunities for cultural, economic and social development".

In 1967, Klaus Schwab gained a Doctorate in Economics from the University of Fribourg, Switzerland as well as a Master of Public Administration qualification from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard in the United States. While at Harvard, Schwab was taught by Henry Kissinger, who he would later say were among the top 3-4 figures who had most influenced his thinking over the course of his entire life.

Henry Kissinger and his former pupil, Klaus Schwab, welcome former- UK PM Ted Heath at the 1980 WEF annual meeting. Source: World Economic Forum

In the previously mentioned Irish Times article of 2006, Klaus talks about that period as being very important to the formation of his present idealogical thinking, stating: "Years later, when I came back from the US after my studies at Harvard, there were two events that had a decisive triggering event on me. The first was a book by Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, The American Challenge – which said Europe would lose out against the US because of Europe's inferior management methods. The other event was – and this is relevant to Ireland – the Europe of the six became the Europe of the nine." These two events would help shape Klaus Schwab into a man who wanted to change the way people went about their business.

That same year, Klaus's younger brother Urs Reiner Schwab graduated from ETH Zurich as a mechanical engineer, and Klaus Schwab went to work for his father's old company, Escher-Wyss, soon to become Sulzer Escher-Wyss AG, Zurich, as Assistant to the Chairman to aid in the reorganisation of the merging companies. This leads us towards Klaus's nuclear connections.

The rise of a technocrat

Sulzer, a Swiss company whose origins date back to 1834, had first risen to prominence after starting to build compressors in 1906. By 1914, the family-run firm had become part of "three joint-stock companies," one of which was the official holding company. In the 1930s, Sulzer's profits would suffer during the Great Depression and, like many businesses at the time, faced disruption and industrial actions from their workers.

World War II may not have affected Switzerland as much as her neighbours, but the economic boom that was to follow led to Sulzer growing in power and market dominance. In 1966, just before the arrival of Klaus Schwab at Escher-Wyss, the Swiss turbine manufacturers signed a cooperation agreement with the Sulzer brothers in Winterthur. Sulzer and Escher-Wyss would begin to merge in 1966, when Sulzer purchased 53% of the company shares. Escher-Wyss would officially become Sulzer Escher-Wyss AG in 1969 when the last of the shares were acquired by the Sulzer brothers.

Once the merger had started, Escher-Wyss would begin to be restructured and two of the existing Board Members would be the first to find their service to Escher-Wyss coming to an end. Dr. H. Schindler and W. Stoffel would resign from the Board of Directors now headed by Georg Sulzer and Alfred Schaffner. Dr. Schindler had been a member of the Escher-Wyss Board of Directors for 28 years and had worked alongside Eugen Schwab throughout much of his service. Peter Schmidheiny would later take over as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Escher-Wyss, continuing the Schmidheiny family rule over the company's executives.

During the restructuring process, it was decided that Escher-Wyss and Sulzer would concentrate on separate areas of machine engineering with the Escher-Wyss factories primarily work on hydraulic power plant construction, including turbines, storage pumps, reversing machines, closing devices and pipelines, as well as steam turbines, turbo compressors, evaporation systems, centrifuges and machines for the paper and pulp industry. Sulzer would concentrate on the refrigeration industry as well as steam boiler construction and gas turbines.

On 1 January 1968, the freshly reorganised Sulzer Escher-Wyss AG was rolled out publicly and the company had become streamlined, a move deemed necessary because of several large acquisitions. This included a close collaboration with Brown Boveri, a group of Swiss electric engineering companies who had also worked for the Nazis, supplying the Germans with some of their U-boat technology used during World War II. Brown Boveri was also described as "defence-related electrical contractors" and would find the conditions of the Cold War arms race to be beneficial to their business.

The merger and reorganisation of these Swiss mechanical engineering giants saw their collaboration pay off in unique ways. During the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, Sulzer and Escher-Wyss used 8 refrigeration compressors to create tonnes of artificial ice. In 1969, the two firms combined to help in the building of a new passenger ship named "Hamburg", the first ship in the world to be fully air-conditioned thanks to the Sulzer Escher-Wyss combination.

In 1967, Klaus Schwab officially burst onto the scene of the Swiss business community and took a lead in the merger between Sulzer and Escher-Wyss, as well as forming profitable alliances with Brown Boveri and others. In December 1967, Klaus would speak at a Zurich event to the top Swiss machine engineering organisations; the Employers Association of Swiss Machine and Metal Manufacturers and the Association of Swiss Machine Manufacturers.

In his talk, he would correctly predict the importance of incorporating computers into modern Swiss machine engineering, stating that:

"In 1971, products that are not even on the market today are likely to account for up to a quarter of sales. This requires companies to systematically research possible developments and identify gaps in the market. Today, 18 of the 20 largest companies in our machine industry have planning departments that are entrusted with such tasks. Of course, everyone has to make use of the latest technological advances, and the computer is one of them. The many small and medium-sized companies in our machine industry take the path of cooperation or use the services of special data processing service providers."

Computers and data were obviously seen as important to the future, according to Schwab, and this was further projected in the reorganisation of Sulzer Escher-Wyss during their merger. Sulzer's modern website reflects this noteworthy change in direction, stating that, in 1968: "Material technology activities are intensified [by Sulzer] and form the basis for medical technology products. The fundamental change from a machine-building company to a technology corporation starts to become apparent."

Klaus Schwab was helping to turn Sulzer Escher-Wyss into something more than just a machine building giant, he was transforming them into a technology corporation driving at high speed into a hi-tech future. It should also be noted that Sulzer Escher-Wyss changed another focus of their business to help them "form the basis for medical technology products," an area not previously mentioned as a target industry for Sulzer and/or Escher-Wyss.

But technological advancement wasn't the only upgrade Klaus Schwab wanted to introduce at Sulzer Escher-Wyss, he also wanted to change how the company thought about their business managerial style. Schwab and his close associates were pushing an entirely new business philosophy which would allow "all employees to accept the imperatives of motivation and to ensure at home a sense of flexibility and manoeuvrability."

It is here in the late 1960s where we see Klaus begin to emerge as a more public figure. At this time, the Sulzer Escher-Wyss company also became more interested in engaging with the press than ever before. In January 1969, the Swiss giants setup a public advisory session entitled the "Press Day of the Machine Industry", which mainly concerned questions on company management. During the event, Schwab would state that companies using authoritarian styles of business management are "unable to fully activate the 'human capital'", an argument he would use on many separate occasions during the late 1960s.

Plutonium and Pretoria

Escher-Wyss were pioneers in some of the most important tech in power generation. As the US Department of Energy points out in their paper on Supercritical CO2 Brayton Cycle Development (CBC), a device used in hydro and nuclear power plants, "Escher-Wyss was the first company known to develop the turbomachinery for CBC systems starting in 1939." Going on to state that 24 systems were built, "with Escher-Wyss designing the power conversion cycles and building the turbomachinery for all but 3". By 1966, just before the entrance of Schwab into Escher-Wyss and the start of the Sulzer merger, the Escher-Wyss helium compressor was designed for the La Fleur Corporation and continued the evolution of the Brayton Cycle Development. This technology was still of importance to the arms industry by 1986, with nuclear powered drones being equipped with a helium-cooled Brayton cycle nuclear reactor.

Escher-Wyss had been involved with manufacturing and installing nuclear technology at least as early as 1962, as shown by this patent for a "heat exchange arrangement for a nuclear power plant" and this patent from 1966 for a "nuclear reactor gas-turbine plant with emergency cooling". After Schwab left Sulzer Escher-Wyss, Sulzer would also help to develop special turbocompressors for uranium enrichment to yield reactor fuels.

When Klaus Schwab joined Sulzer Escher-Wyss in 1967 and started the reorganisation of the company to be a technology corporation, the involvement of Sulzer Escher-Wyss in the darker aspects of the global nuclear arms race became immediately more pronounced. Before Klaus became involved, Escher-Wyss had often concentrated on helping design and build parts for civilian uses of nuclear technology, e.g. nuclear power generation. Yet, with the arrival of the eager Mr. Schwab also came the company's participation in the illegal proliferation of nuclear weapons technology. By 1969, the incorporation of Escher Wyss into Sulzer was fully completed and they would be rebranded into Sulzer AG, dropping the historic name Escher-Wyss from their name.

It was eventually revealed, thanks to a review and report carried out by the Swiss authorities and a man named Peter Hug, that Sulzer Escher-Wyss began secretly procuring and building key parts for nuclear weapons during the 1960s. The company, while Schwab was on the board, also began playing a critical key role in the development of South Africa's illegal nuclear weapons programme during the darkest years of the apartheid regime. Klaus Schwab was a leading figure in the founding of a company culture which helped Pretoria build six nuclear weapons and partially assemble a seventh.

In the report, Peter Hug outlined how Sulzer Escher Wyss AG (referred to post-merger as just Sulzer AG) had supplied vital components to the South African government and found evidence of Germany's role in supporting the racist regime, also revealing that the Swiss government "was aware of illegal deals but 'tolerated them in silence' while supporting some of them actively or criticised them only half-heartedly". Hug's report was eventually finalised in a work entitled: "Switzerland and South Africa 1948-1994 – Final Report of the NFP 42+ commissioned by the Swiss Federal Council" which was compiled and written by Georg Kreis and published in 2007.

By 1967, South Africa had constructed a reactor as part of a plan to produce plutonium, the SAFARI-2 located at Pelindaba. SAFARI-2 was part of a project to develop a reactor moderated by heavy water which would be fuelled by natural uranium and cooled using sodium. This link to developing heavy water for the creation of uranium, the same technology which had been utilised by the Nazis also with the help of Escher-Wyss, may explain why South Africans initially got Escher-Wyss involved. But by 1969, South Africa abandoned the heavy water reactor project at Pelindaba because it was draining resources from their uranium enrichment program that had first begun in 1967.

A South African nuke in storage

In 1970, Escher-Wyss were definitely deeply involved with nuclear technology, as seen in a record available in the Landesarchivs Baden-Württemberg. The record shows details of a public procurement process and contains information about award talks with specific companies involved in the procurement of nuclear technology and materials. The companies cited include: NUKEM; Uhde; Krantz; Preussag; Escher-Wyss; Siemens; Rheintal; Leybold; Lurgi; and the infamous Transnuklear.

The Swiss and South Africans had a close relationship through this period of history, when it was hardly easy for the brutal South African regime to find close allies. By 4 November 1977, the United Nations Security Council had enacted resolution 418 which imposed a mandatory arms embargo against South Africa, an embargo that wouldn't be fully lifted until 1994.

Georg Kreis pointed out the following in his detailed assessment of the Hug report:

"The fact that the authorities assumed a laisse-faire attitude even after May 1978 comes to the fore in an exchange of letters between the Anti-Apartheid Movement and the DFMA in October/December 1978. As the study by Hug explicates, the Anti-Apartheid Movement of Switzerland pointed to German reports according to which Sulzer Escher-Wyss and a company called BBC had supplied parts for the South African uranium enrichment plant, and to repeated credits to ESCOM, which also included considerable contributions by Swiss banks. These assertions led to questions of whether the Federal Council – in light of fundamental support of the UN embargo, ought not to instigate the National Bank to stop authorising credits for ESCOM in the future."

Swiss banks would help to fund the South African race to nukes and, by 1986, Sulzer Escher-Wyss were successfully producing special compressors for uranium enrichment.

The Founding of the World Economic Forum

In 1970, the young upstart, Klaus Schwab wrote to the European Commission and asked for help in setting up a "non-commercial think tank for European business leaders". The European Commission would sponsor the event as well, sending French politician Raymond Barre to act as the forum's "intellectual mentor". Raymond Barre, who was at that time European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, would later go on to become French PM and would be accused of making anti-Semitic comments while in office.

So, in 1970, Schwab left Escher Wyss to organise a two-week business managerial conference. In 1971, the first meeting of the World Economic Forum – then called the European Management Symposium – convened in Davos, Switzerland. Around 450 participants from 31 countries would take part in Schwab's first European Management Symposium, mostly made up of managers from various European companies, politicians, and US academics. The project was recorded as organised by Klaus Schwab and his secretary Hilde Stoll who, later the same year, would become Klaus Schwab's wife.

Klaus's European symposium was not an original idea. As writer Ganga Jey Aratnam stated quite coherently in 2018:

"Klaus Schwab's "Spirit of Davos" was also the "Spirit of Harvard". Not only had the business school advocated the idea of a symposium. Prominent Harvard economist John Kenneth Galbraith championed the affluent society as well as capitalism's planning needs and the rapprochement of East and West."

It was also true that, as Aratnam also pointed out, this was not the first time Davos had hosted such events. Between 1928 and 1931, the Davos University Conferences took place at the Hotel Belvédère, events which were co-founded by Albert Einstein and were only halted by the Great Depression and the threat of looming war.

The Club of Rome and the WEF

The most influential group that spurred the creation of Klaus Schwab's symposium was the Club of Rome, an influential think tank of the scientific and monied elite that mirrors the World Economic Forum in many ways, including in its promotion of a global governance model led by a technocratic elite. The Club had been founded in 1968 by Italian industrialist Aurelio Peccei and Scottish chemist Alexander King during a private meeting at a residence owned by the Rockefeller family in Bellagio, Italy.

Among its first accomplishments was a 1972 book entitled "The Limits to Growth" that largely focused on global overpopulation, warning that "if the world's consumption patterns and population growth continued at the same high rates of the time, the earth would strike its limits within a century." At the third meeting of the World Economic Forum in 1973, Peccei delivered a speech summarizing the book, which the World Economic Forum website remembers as having been the distinguishing event of this historical meeting. That same year, the Club of Rome would publish a report detailing an "adaptive" model for global governance that would divide the world into ten, inter-connected economic/political regions.

The Club of Rome was long controversial for its obsession with reducing the global population and many of its earlier policies, which critics described as influenced by eugenics and neo-Malthusian. However, in the Club's infamous 1991 Book, The First Global Revolution, it was argued that such policies could gain popular support if the masses were able to link them with an existential fight against a common enemy.

To that effect, The First Global Revolution contains a passage entitled "The common enemy of humanity is Man", which states the following:

"In searching for a common enemy against whom we can unite, we came up with the idea that pollution, the threat of global warming, water shortages, famine and the like, would fit the bill. In their totality and their interactions these phenomena do constitute a common threat which must be confronted by everyone together. But in designating these dangers as the enemy, we fall into the trap, which we have already warned readers about, namely mistaking symptoms for causes. All these dangers are caused by human intervention in natural processes, and it is only through changed attitudes and behaviour that they can be overcome. The real enemy then is humanity itself."

In the years since, the elite that populate the Club of Rome and the World Economic Forum have frequently argued that population control methods are essential to protecting the environment. It is thus unsurprising that the World Economic Forum would similarly use the issues of climate and environment as a way to market otherwise unpopular policies, such as those of the Great Reset, as necessary.

The Past is Prologue

Since the founding of the World Economic Forum, Klaus Schwab has become one of the most powerful people in the world and his Great Reset has made it more important than ever to scrutinize the man sitting on the globalist throne.

Given his prominent role in the far-reaching effort to transform every aspect of the existing order, Klaus Schwab's history was difficult to research. When you start to dig into the history of a man like Schwab, who sits aloft other shadowy elite movers and shakers, you soon find lots of information has been hidden or removed. Klaus is somebody who wants to stay hidden in the shadowy corners of society and who will only allow the average person to see a well-presented construct of their chosen persona.

Is the real Klaus Schwab a kindly old uncle figure wishing to do good for humanity, or is he really the son of a Nazi collaborator who used slave labour and helped the Nazi efforts to obtain the first atomic bomb? Is Klaus the honest business manager who we should trust to create a fairer society and workplace for the common man, or is he the person who helped push Sulzer Escher-Wyss into a technological revolution that led to its role in the illegal creation of nuclear weapons for South Africa's racist apartheid regime? The evidence I have looked at does not suggest a kindly man, but rather a member of a wealthy, well-connected family that has a history of helping create weapons of mass destruction for aggressive, racist governments.

As Klaus Schwab said in 2006 "Knowledge will soon be available everywhere – I call it the 'googlisation' of globalisation. It's not what you know any more, it's how you use it. You have to be a pace setter." Klaus Schwab considers himself to be a pace setter and a top table player, and it must be said that his qualifications and experience are impressive. Yet, when it comes to practising what you preach, Klaus has been found out. One of the three biggest challenges on the priority list for the World Economic Forum is the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, yet neither Klaus Schwab nor his father Eugen lived up to those same principles when they were in business. Quite the opposite.

In January, Klaus Schwab announced that 2021 is the year that the World Economic Forum and its allies must "rebuild trust" with the masses. However, if Schwab continues to hide his history and that of his father's connections to the "National Socialist Model Company" that was Escher-Wyss during the 1930s and 1940s, then people will have good reason to distrust the underlying motivations of his overreaching, undemocratic Great Reset agenda.

In the case of the Schwabs, the evidence doesn't point at simply poor business practices or some sort of misunderstanding. The story of the Schwab family instead reveals a habit of working with genocidal dictators for the base motives of profit and power. The Nazis and the South African apartheid regime are two of the worst examples of leadership in modern politics, yet the Schwabs obviously couldn't or wouldn't see that at the time.

In the case of Klaus Schwab himself, it appears that he has helped to launder relics of the Nazi era, i.e. its nuclear ambitions and its population control ambitions, so as to ensure the continuity of a deeper agenda. While serving in a leadership capacity at Sulzer Escher Wyss, the company sought to aid the nuclear ambitions of the South African regime, then the most Nazi adjacent government in the world, preserving Escher Wyss' own Nazi era legacy. Then, through the World Economic Forum, Schwab has helped to rehabilitate eugenics-influenced population control policies during the post-World War II era, a time when the revelations of Nazi atrocities quickly brought the pseudo-science into great disrepute. Is there any reason to believe that Klaus Schwab, as he exists today, has changed in anyway? Or is he still the public face of a decades-long effort to ensure the survival of a very old agenda?

The last question that should be asked about the real motivations behind the actions of Herr Schwab, may be the most important for the future of humanity: Is Klaus Schwab trying to create the Fourth Industrial Revolution, or is he trying to create the Fourth Reich?

Originally posted: https://unlimitedhangout.com/2021/02/investigative-reports/schwab-family-values/

Author Johnny Vedmore Johnny Vedmore is a completely independent investigative journalist and musician from Cardiff, Wales. His work aims to expose the powerful people who are overlooked by other journalists and bring new information to his readers. If you require help, or have a tip for Johnny, then get in touch via johnnyvedmore.com or by reaching out to johnnyvedmore@gmail.com

translate | 26 Feb 2021 | 2:25 pm

Twenty Years of Attack the System: Was 2020 a Vindication?


It was 20 years ago this month, in January of 2001, that AttacktheSystem.Com first appeared.

Previously, I had been involved in radical activities since the late 1980s. For about five years, I was a conventional left-wing anarchist, engaging in strike support (Eastern Airlines, Greyhound Bus, Pittston Coal); antiwar activism (Central America, Indonesia, Cambodia, Persian Gulf War);  joining the IWW and IWA/WSA;  participating in riots in New York, Toronto, Berkeley, and at the Pentagon; creating student anarchist groups, a May Day festival, and homeless benefits; attending left-wing demonstrations (abortion, environment, war, homeless, anti-Klan);  teaching a class on anarchism at an alternative school; attending an anarchist convention San Francisco and the founding gathering of Love and Rage; being distributor/writer for anarchist 'zines, conducting anti-racism workshops, meeting a range of Left luminaries (Stokely Carmichael, Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, David Dellinger, Philip Agee, Michael Parenti), attending early Green meetings in the US, spending many hours in the HX833 section of the library reading books on anarchist history, and too many other activities to remember. I mention all this merely to point out that I was the real deal.

Eventually, I became less orthodox leftist in my orientation and more like something resembling an individualist-anarchist, wanting to focus on a more expansive view of anarchist thought (the Max Nettlau/Peter Marshall narrative), and exploring a range of other ideas and movements along the way.  I became interested in libertarianism, and then the militia/patriot movement following the incidents Waco and Ruby Ridge, going to militia gatherings and preparedness expos, and encountering militiamen, sovereign citizens, and neo-secessionists for the first time. I then became interested in forming a radical alliance project and formed American Revolutionary Vanguard in 1999. Our first meeting was an oddball and seemingly contradictory mixture of left-anarchists, skinheads, black power, libertarians, leftists, and gun nuts (like a scene out of the film "Anarchist Cookbook").

I started a public access TV show that aired intermittently over a three year period. On the internet, discovered a much wider range of political subcultures, including European Third Positionists, and other tendencies with which I had not previously been familiar. I wanted to create a website combining all of these influences, with the idea of forming an anarchist umbrella organization that would be the "revolutionary vanguard" of a larger radical alliance, and which would more or less combine left-anarchism with its emphasis on direct action/general strikes/dual power, libertarian anti-statism/voluntarism, militia/secessionist gun nuttery, leftist anti-globalization, and Third Position anti-globalism.

In December of 2000, at a pro-marijuana rally, I mentioned this pending project to 19-year-old college student who suggested the name AttacktheSystem.Com, and the now long-defunct original design of Attack the System was done by a high school kid, a friend's younger brother. ATS went live in January of 2001, and was predictably controversial from the beginning, with many right-wingers (and some left-wing anarchists) viewing us as Communists, and many left-wingers viewing us as fascists (both of which continue to the present).

The core idea behind ATS was to focus less on the laundry list of liberal causes embraced by the left-anarchists or (alternatively, the economic and/or social conservatism of the libertarians and populist-right) and more on anti-globalism/imperialism, corporatism, and the state specifically, while offering beyond left/right/center paradigm in favor of cultural pluralism, voluntary association,  political and economic decentralization.

What Has Happened Since 2001

With the September 11, 2001 attacks, the Islamists lured the USA into a never-ending series war, resulting in the decline of American influence and prestige, and the current slow but steady retreat of unipolarity and globalization. Ongoing polarization in the USA, at an all-time high now, was only beginning in 2001 (Bush v. Gore election), and a range of populist movements (Occupy and Tea Party, Sanders and Trump) have since come and gone. Twenty-first-century left-wing protest movements were only beginning in 2001 with anti-globalization. The rise of militia movements in the 1990s has evolved into similar contemporary tendencies from both the left and right,  including Three Percenters, Oathkeepers, BLM, Antifa, Proudboys, and Redneck Revolt.  Both domestic terrorism and public shootings have become more common. The 1999 Columbine High School massacre was just the preview.

The lumpenproletarian insurrection in 2020 seems to have vindicated my long-held speculation, based on the 1992 West Coast insurrection, that the lumpenproletariat would be the vanguard class in future insurgencies,. 2020 was 1992 on steroids. In the 1980s and 1990s, the police state of Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and the Bush family was being fully consolidated and reached exponential levels following the 9/11 attacks. However, the subsequent two decades have also witnessed the gradual fall of the drug war (formerly the core building block of the police state), a shift in public opinion on the police state (evidenced by popular support for "criminal justice reform"), a declining enthusiasm and loss of legitimacy of US imperialism. As a cultural drift much further to the left has taken place, the right has become more radical and militant in its opposition even as the right has become smaller in size.

Widening class divisions have accelerated dramatically. Neoliberalism began in the 1980s, and was consolidated in the 1990s, and accelerated once again by the Great Recession of 2008, and yet again by the impact of COVID-19 in 2020.  Meanwhile embryonic pan-secessionist actions have taken place (sanctuary cites, 2nd amendment sanctuaries, CHAZ/CHOP, etc.), with many of these rooted in the ten core demographics I identified about a decade ago as the likely future actors of anti-system actions, with many of these reflecting the kind of libertarian populist hybrid and implicit philosophical anarchism I have written about in the past, and functioning within the framework of fourth generation warfare theory, which I generally regard as the modern version of the historic anarchist concept of "propaganda by the deed."

In the past two decades, ATS has built connections with every kind of fringe group imaginable, left, right, religious, counter-cultural, conspiratorial, or undefinable, as well as gaining mention in the international media (Europe, Russia, Middle East, Latin America), and in numerous academic books and articles.

Errors of ATS

Of course, most "errors of ATS" are really my own errors. There have three big ones:

1-grossly overestimating the actual interest of North American "radicals" in actual revolutionary activity, as opposed to participating in mere culture-war politics, with many "radicals" being more akin to fans of sports teams than revolutionaries,

2-grossly underestimating the entrenched nature of the "culture war" psychology which has only become more extreme over time, and which has been fueled by the media, corporations, and ruling class parties in order to prevent united popular resistance from emerging, a divide and conquer strategy,

3-failing to recognize how attempting to fold into other, larger movements have the effect of diluting the wider message and having been involved in the Left, Right, Third Position, and Alt-Right, it was the same effect each time,

The lessons I take from these errors are the following:

-The need for an independent pan-anarchism/anarcho-pluralism, that is, on one hand, an umbrella for all forms of anarchism, libertarianism, decentralism, anti-statism, anti-authoritarianism, prototypical philosophies and historical prototypes, cousin ideologies, blueprints or utopian colonies, voluntary or organic forms of social organization, or anarchistic tendencies within various philosophical, religious, ethical, cultural, or ethnic traditions, but which maintain a distinct identity from other philosophies, ideologies, or movements that do not have anarchism/libertarianism as their core foundations. Meanwhile, the evaluation of hybrid or external movements needs to take place on a situational basis in order to determine their fitness as allies or coalition partners. For this purpose, I developed what I call the "0 to 100 scale" with "total anarchy" being 100 and totalitarian ideologies (Nazism, fascism, Stalinism, Maoism, etc.) being a 0, and most political philosophies, institutions, or individuals being in the 30-70 range.

-About 15 years ago, I postulated the need for an "Anarchy First!" ideological and tactical framework and the importance of this position has been reaffirmed by subsequent experience. Historically, anarchist alliances with other movements have not turned out well, with the traditional alliance of anarchists with Marxism being Exhibit A. This problem was demonstrated once again in the Obama era by the growth of libertarianism (influenced by the Ron Paul presidential campaign), only for libertarianism to fracture into a microcosm of the culture war, with many supposed "anarchists" or libertarians eventually venturing off into authoritarian or statist ideologies (e.g. SJWism, Trumpism, Alt-Right/Lite, Antifa, Marxism).

-While my positions are mostly the same as the left-anarchists, more or less, with considerable variation in focus and emphasis, I understand the need to recognize every form of anarchism, with all ideological considerations being subordinated to the wider voluntaryist, decentralist, pluralist, anti-statist, federalist, mutualist, free associationist framework.

-While most anarchists and libertarians are aware of the dangers of right-wing authoritarianism and outright fascism (often the point of hysteria) a major weakness in anarchist thought is is lack of a thorough critique of authoritarian leftism beyond the mere rejection of the vanguard party/dictatorship of the proletariat Marxist-Leninist model. More anarchists need to familiarize themselves with the Nietzsche/Stirner critique of leftism as neo-religion, the Bakuninist critique of Marxism, the Burke/Dostoevsky critique of apocalyptic revolution, and the critiques of modernism, scientism, and therapeutism found in a range of thinkers as diverse as CS Lewis, Jacques Ellul, JRR Tolkien, TS Elliot, Aldous Huxley, Thomas Szasz, Michel Foucault, Max Weber, and (selectively) the thinkers of the Frankfurt School.

-The importance of the concept of withdrawing consent on the model outlined by Etienne de la Boetie in "Discourse on Voluntary Servitude" model, a lesson that was illustrated by the overthrow of the Soviet Union/Warsaw Pact (an empire which dissolved into 23 independent nations), as the ideal model of revolution, as opposed to the terroristic Jacobin model.

-In the past, there have been political paradigm shifts from the polytheist/god-emperor models of antiquity to the monotheist/divine right of kings models of the medieval era, to the rationalist/social contract theory of the Enlightenment. The next step is to reject the plutocratic managerial state associated with modern "democracy" toward voluntary association/anarchism.

-It is necessary to question pieties that few people, including anarchists, do not or barely question such as the sanctity of "democracy" (which was dismissed as mob role, ochlocracy, or "tyranny of the majority" by historic great thinkers such as Plato and Aristotle, early liberals like JS Mill, and early anarchists like Proudhon and Kropotkin ). Far too many left-anarchists are too accepting of the Prussian-model public administration state and regulatory government, which is a reactionary position adopted by progressive elites during the Industrial Revolution but which many "radicals" have regrettably absorbed. Far too many libertarians uncritically accept republican theory, which ever since the Roman Republic has been a mask for the class dictatorship of the merchant, banker, and plutocratic classes. It is also necessary to reject the reactionary/progressive false dichotomy and challenge the idea that modernity is synonymous with progress (it's more of a mixed bag).

During the 2020 pandemic, the global power elite has shown their hand like they did in 2008, indicating the need for a global revolution against globalization and the global power elite on the 1989 model (i.e. global pan-secessionism). The insurrections of 2020 indicate that the lumpenproletariat will continue to be the vanguard class as neo-feudalism becomes more entrenched and the size of the lumenproletariat continues to increase.

translate | 20 Jan 2021 | 4:37 pm

Anteroom of Our Own Extinction


If you want to deprive citizens of freedom of movement, freedom of assembly and the right to family life, there should be written reasons. They ask the department why they can hardly find such anywhere since the intervention was introduced in March. It is a mystery that hardly any Norwegian journalists have thought of asking this question. { } …that should be every journalist's first instinct when the government shuts down the country." Øyvind Håbrekke (Candidate for Krk in Trondelog, Norway)

I. Decrees the expulsion of Jews from the colony. { }
XXXII. The runaway slave, who shall continue to be so for one month from the day of his being denounced to the officers of justice, shall have his ears cut off, and shall be branded with the flower de luce on the shoulder : and on a second offence of the same nature, persisted in during one month from the day of his being denounced, he shall be hamstrung, and be marked with the flower de luce on the other shoulder. On the third offence, he shall suffer death. Louisiana Code Noir, 1724-1803

Any person who wilfully enters or uses any public premises or public vehicle or any portion thereof or any counter, bench, seat or other amenity or contrivance which has in terms of sub-section (1) been set apart or reserved for the exclusive use of persons belonging to a particular race or class, being a race or class to which he does not belong, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three months, or to both such fine and such imprisonment." Reservation of Separate Amenities Act. Parliament of South Africa, 1953

And by doing so, these devices are constantly reinvented as masks: as apparatuses of categorical transformation aimed at allowing humanity to persist at the brink of the end of the world as this is embodied by the spectre of the "next pandemic." Portrayed as the last barrier between us and the killer virus to come, "plague masks" ultimately transform us into a species inhabiting the anteroom of its own extinction.
Christos Lynteris (Medical Anthropology,Cross-Cultural Studies in Health and Illness Volume 37, 2018 – Issue 6)

*

One of the most important aspects of aesthetics, of the study of art at all, is that it teaches the viewer or reader how to see and experience more deeply, with more sensitivity, and this in turn (among other things) leads to the ability to recognize the fraudulent. In other words you come to recognize propaganda. It is almost the cultivating of a sub clinical intuitive skill, a sense when a narrative or an image seem counterfeit.

Along with this comes the ability to, at least partly, resist marketing campaigns and advertisers' manipulations. I have always felt the reading of the classics serve as a teflon shield for advertising.

Art and culture have more profound gifts than just a finely tuned 'bullshit meter'. But given the events of this last week, and of the entire year, as well, the loss of cultural education keeps coming back to me. The least-enrolled post grad program at U.S. universities is the study of the classics. History is very low, too, for any era. Business management is the most popular.

I often have thought that the loss of such studies today has had a genuinely deleterious effect. Certainly most big search engines, if you google post graduate programs in the classics, will return a variety of links about how such a degree has nearly zero economic reward attached.

This is now about a year into the pandemic and there have still been no debates, no public roundtables and no referendums. Nothing. Just decrees by the government. I honestly have given up trying to make sense of statistics, really. But a couple of things have not changed; the fatality rate if you catch Covid 19 is under 1% (and yes, case fatality is different than infectious mortality and that in turn is different from mortality rate). And depending on how it is being counted, it is often a good deal less than that. And yet the entire planet has been subjected to severe restrictions on travel, and coerced to follow pseudoscientific behaviour like mask wearing and social distancing. Today in many places there is what amounts to martial law. Police or national guard patrol the streets after dark. Many countries have banned public events, closed restaurants and nightclubs, and limited any public gatherings. Many schools remain closed or only partially open.

The economic consequences of these non-debated government policies have been catastrophic. In the U.S. something like 60 million jobs have been lost, many never to return. A hundred and fifty thousand restaurants have gone bankrupt. Only one in three museums will ever reopen. In San Francisco they decided NOT to count the numbers of new homeless. No reason was given but one can guess. The homeless situation in the U.S., in big cities in particular, was critical even before the pandemic. Now the numbers are unprecedented. Not even during the 'Great Depression' was there anything like the current level of those without basic shelter.

Food insecurity is at a crisis level. Feeding America, the largest hunger relief organization in the US, estimates over 50 million people go hungry every night including something close to twenty million children.

Since mid-March 2020, numerous surveys have documented unprecedented levels of food insecurity that eclipse anything seen in recent decades in the United States, including during the Great Recession. Over the past five years, US Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates of food insecurity in the United States have hovered around 11% to 12%.

As of March and April 2020, national estimates of food insecurity more than tripled to 38% In a national survey we fielded in March 2020 among adults with incomes less than 250% of the 2020 federal poverty level (based on thresholds from the US Census), 44% of all households were food insecure including 48% of Black households, 52% of Hispanic households, and 54% of households with children. American Public Heath Association (Dec 2020)

And yet, congress just passed another defense budget increase. According to Defense News

the final version of the 2020 defense appropriations bill, part of a broad $1.4 trillion spending deal to finalize federal spending for 2020 and avert a government shutdown. The defense bill would provide $738 billion.

Almost one in three households suffers hunger, regularly. Almost half of black and hispanic households. Households with children are most vulnerable to the government policies. So half of the kids in the U.S. have inadequate nutrition. Half will suffer long term developmental problems, almost guaranteed.

So, given that there are countless medical professionals around the world who question the effectiveness of Covid policy by government, who questions the World Health Organization and CDC? One would think there would be a heated and exhaustive discussion about how to proceed. Once it was clear that this was not a particularly fatal virus, there should have been wide and far-reaching debate. But there was none.

And who are the authorities who dictate these policies? This also remains unclear. The head of the WHO is Dr.Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. But the face of the pandemic is Anthony Fauci. Now his role is also a bit unclear.

Fauci is director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). He has held that position since 1984. It is unclear why he is the official advisor to presidents.

But, the point is that Bill Gates controls forty percent of the WHO. So, take Norway, where I live. Who advises the PM? Or advises her health minister? And it's worth noting that the health minister is Bent Høie, from the ruling party, a conservative business-friendly party.

Here is the wiki entry on Mr Høie…

Høie was born in Randaberg. He studied law at University of Bergen in 1991 and also attended the Norwegian School of Hotel Management from 1991-93.

Well, I guess Hotel management is as good a background as any to make life and death decisions about pandemics. One assumes the WHO and/or the CDC send advisors to talk to the Minister of Health. But I am only guessing.

My point is that the decision-making process is utterly opaque. Nobody seems to have a clear idea from where, exactly, the policy of lockdown (the quarantining of healthy people is, as far as I can tell, utterly new) originated, or where the marketing and obvious fearmongering came from.

For there has been a clear marketing apparatus in play, with all the mask adverts, the social distancing, etc. And worth mentioning is that the eco outcry about plastic straws, a genuine issue, really, suddenly receded and now, in the hysteria of mask wearing, the environment has had to absorb 9 billion single-use cloth and plastic masks.

The entire global economy is teetering on collapse. And this was intentional. This is because of governmental actions, not because of a virus. Of course, western economies have been teetering since 2008, if not before.

I'm not an economist, but this is the point where one must look at "The Great Reset".

Most of you have heard of it, its been on the cover of TIME magazine, and that photo of Klaus Schwab and his Vulcan unitard suit has cropped up across all social media platforms. The short version (for a long and exhaustive and insightful version see Cory Morningstar here) is that Schwab and his friends at the World Economic Forum have this idea, clothed in perfect green attire, to "reset" the economies of the West (or of the world).

The word 'reset' is interesting. Who came up with that I wonder? It feels very computer-ish and futuristic, and optimistic! And while much is made of certain aspects (natural capital, social capital, a new deal for nature, social impact bonds, etc) the reality is that the capitalist system, in the hands of the richest at any given moment (or we can say the ruling class), drive corrections to the market. This helps consolidate wealth at the top, or transfer more to the top.

And that is what this is, with the difference being that the plan is more about the destruction of markets, the destruction of competition, and the hyper monopolization of nearly everything. It entails a good deal of AI fantasy, but it also means a digitalization of currency (so no grey economy, no borrowing from friends, no under the table work) and a massive increase in surveillance and tracking. All of this is helped by the lockdown policies, the so-called 'Reset' would likely be stillborn if not for the reaction to Covid.

Allow me to insert HERE a European Commission statement regarding Covid19.

Now the new head of the European Commission is Ursula von der Leyen. Remember that much of the Reset is driven by the ruling elite of Europe and North America. And these people share common values and goals. Here is a brief biographical sketch on Ms von der Leyen…

"Von der Leyen's father's grandparents were the cotton merchant Carl Albrecht (1875–1952) and Mary Ladson Robertson (1883–1960), an American who belonged to a plantation owning family of the southern aristocracy from Charleston, South Carolina.

Her American ancestors played a significant role in the British colonization of the Americas, and she descends from many of the first English settlers of Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Barbados, and from numerous colonial-era governors.

Among her ancestors were Carolina governors John Yeamans, James Moore, Robert Gibbes, Thomas Smith and Joseph Blake, Pennsylvania deputy governor Samuel Carpenter, and the American revolutionary and lieutenant governor of South Carolina James Ladson.The Ladson family were large plantation owners and her ancestor James H. Ladson owned over 200 slaves by the time slavery in the United States was abolished; her relatives and ancestors were among the wealthiest in British North America in the 18th century, and she descends from one of the largest British slave traders of the era, Joseph Wragg."

I will return to why this has relevance. But I will only say here that all of the faces fronting for the Green New Deal, and the Reset, are wealthy, from lineages of extreme wealth and position. Today's theme is 'class'.

I can tell you only what I think Schwab and his colleagues want from this project. Let's look at what is not going to return to normal after the lockdown.

Commercial airlines are going bust, and those that are still alive have drastically cut routes and have limited their service. The days of cheap flights to warm beaches is gone, I suspect, for good. Vacations will be limited and travel limited (well, unless you are very rich like Gates and Schwab and Ms von der Leyen and Prince Charles and Jeff Bezos et al).

There are now sixty million people out of work in the U.S. The inevitability of the Universal Basic Income is pretty clear. The question is how much does one mean by basic?

Here I think one might do a quick history overview of apartheid South Africa, of the sugar plantations of the 18th century in the Caribbean or, well, the Nazi work camp system. The new capitalism that is imagined (and look, feel free to call it post-capitalism , or woke feudalism or whateverthefuckever you want) has more in common with the aforementioned systems of servitude and slavery than it does with anything else. It is class struggle, as Marx emphasized. Jobs won't be coming back. There will be a gigantic surplus population.

And already one sees the gradual coalescing of a new caste system. People deemed 'important' are allowed to go places and few questions are asked if they violate social distancing or mask wearing. The new social apartheid, which began as a pseudoscientific method for disease control, has now, in the brief span of a year, become a defacto class segregation. The rich are exempt. Here is an article from the New York Post (Aug 15th):

Meanwhile, billionaire David Geffen has been hanging on his yacht, Tom Hanks and Rita Wilson are cruising Greece in another yacht after receiving "honorary" citizenship, Facebook overlord Mark Zuckerberg has been trolling the waters off Hawaii in a $12,000 surfboard, Jeff Bezos and his lady friend have been (multiple) house-hunting, buying up millions of dollars in property in Los Angeles to build a compound while traveling via private jet to several cities around the country, former Mayor Bloomberg splashed out $45 million on a Colorado compound (joining a host of other billionaires buying in that state as well as Montana and Wyoming); and others are spending millions to buy citizenship in "safe" countries like New Zealand.

That 'compound' remark is worth noting. For this is the future for much of America. Gated compounds for the aristos and the dirty, squalid, infected world for the proles. And look, gated communities with private security have been in existence for forty years. Only now the separation has deeper implications.

Of course, football can continue in both the US and UK, though basketball has been more strictly limited (the perception is, of course, that basketball is an urban game and in a league over 70% black).

It is amazing how these strictly-enforced behavioural rules are relaxed for the amusements of the court. The rich can pretty much do whatever they want. Literally none of the rules apply to them. There is a middle tier of affluent, those deemed necessary, for the moment anyway, who get to move around more easily. For the millions now without income the restrictions will be quite acute.

So, back to the Reset for a moment. I keep returning to the slave economies of times past because this is increasingly what capitalism has been trending toward. The sugar plantations of the Caribbean used slave labour. Imported from Africa. They sold that raw product in markets of the metropole, to world markets. But on the plantation only master and slave relations existed. And this is, in one sense, what is being normalized today. Slave relations. And like the gulf Monarchies who use 'guest' workers (slaves, literally), Americans are close already to being guest workers in their own country.

And like the Apartheid laws in South Africa, certain castes (replacing race in this case) cannot go to the private beach of Mark Zukerberg. Or these days, often, any beach at all.

It's worth noting that the old 19th Century industrialist tycoons eventually became huge philanthropists. Carnegie, Mellon, Peabody, Rockefeller even. They endowed education, built libraries and hospitals. Today's tycoons create deceptive Green projects that are really just more wealth-amassing schemes to displace indigenous people, steal land and property, and help sell and normalize the police state.

Students throughout California are now stuck at home in hot, crowded rooms that occasionally fill with wildfire smoke. 19% of these students are English language learners and almost 13% of them have disabilities. Every day on Zoom they fall more and more behind both academically and socially. In Los Angeles Unified, the state's largest district, students are receiving 90-170 minutes of daily live instruction (depending on their age), after which they are expected to do independent work. Compared to the traditional six or seven-hour school day, online education is laughably inadequate. In real time, teachers and families are watching important developmental windows close for vulnerable children. Meanwhile the California Democratic Party and its affiliates tout virtual schooling as a solution for mitigating COVID-19 transmission" Alex Gutentag (The Bellows)

Gutentag also notes that the California governor sends his kids to a private school with in-person learning. Caste.

Not to mention that many children in the U.S. now live in highly-stressed homes. Over forty million people are at risk of eviction because of unpaid back rent. None of these homes can afford adequate food. They certainly cannot afford health care.

What happens when a child gets sick in today's America? I suspect for hundreds of thousands they will, at best, get inconsistent attention from volunteer medical workers — unless there is a lockdown in effect. Then they get nothing.

As I say, this brutal reorganization of the economy bears no small similarity to a slave economy — but it is being sold to the public by pretending it is this new, technology-driven Reset. (Own nothing and be happy).

What exactly does the government plan to do with those sixty million unemployed Americans? What does the UK plan? or Germany or France? Or anywhere? The stimulus package went mostly to big corporations. And media and state propaganda continue to provide endless distractions (see assault on the Capitol, and anything to do with Trump).

There is a clear belief in and emphasis on technology in all this. On AI and robotics and transhumanism (sic). This belief in AI to solve almost everything is reaching levels of delusion that many people, even critics of the Reset, seem to ignore.

So how is it that people have so passively surrendered their rights? The answer is complex.

First, the idea of cooperation and grass roots organizing have been relentlessly disparaged in the media for decades. When unions were effectively destroyed under Reagan, along with them went the last vestiges of collectivity. Hollywood has always made films about individual triumph, almost never about revolutionary organizing. I think a large number of people today, even those skeptical, suffer from a kind of inertia. And this too has been built into the system. And it may well be an aspect of screen habituation.

But before that, people are afraid. The unseen enemy, the invisible virus, the plague, an enemy that brings fevers and suffering, sickness and death. But that is only a part of the problem. The Reset is presenting a future of total control for the ruling class.

Why would anyone support this madness? Well, first, because they are being sold on the idea that it's green, and that THEY, themselves, will be in control. Sort of. And second, they have limited options.

In a way the long shadow of the Reagan years are evident here. The destruction of unions, coupled with the loss of real public education, has allowed for the rootless, lonely and isolated 'individual' of contemporary America. And the utter absence of a real leftist party.

But it's true for much of Europe, too. Here in Norway the wearing of masks is prevalent in 'high risk' red zones. And one still can't drive across the border to Sweden. I see enormous stress indicators in children. Even in my children. And they are young. Nobody feels happy. Isolation does not promote happiness.

Still, how likely is it that this Reset works? I think this question is ignored somewhat and therefore we need to ask 'for whom does it work'? While there has been enormous amounts of great stuff written about Schwab and the WEF I must digress a moment (although its not really a digression, but only appears to be):

There is a basic problem with AI, deep learning, and natural language and, while it is about language, it applies to other fields as well. This is the Frame problem. And the Frame problem is intwined with the problem of time.

NOTE: The Frame problem "is the challenge of representing the effects of action in logic without having to represent explicitly a large number of intuitively obvious non-effects. But to many philosophers, the AI researchers' frame problem is suggestive of wider epistemological issues." – Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy – ed.

The Frame problem is about relevance, and that the outlier issues, while statistically rare, are actually what distinguish 'smart' people from 'not smart' people. Machine learning, AI, can do a lot of things, but to over-applaud its achievements without admitting its profound limitations is going to lead to some catastrophic mistakes and, no doubt, human tragedies.

And then there is this.

AI works great in labs, with toys and controlled environments, but a lot less well in the real world.

So far the solution for the new AI cheerleaders is to make the real world like a lab. In one sense, Singapore, with extensive use of AI via a very authoritarian state apparatus, has already done this. China is a more complex discussion, and wanting to avoid any idea of an 'Oriental plot', I'm just going to take a Mulligan.

The ruling class anywhere is exempted in all such examples. The majority of humans will be treated as rats in a lab test. Not even rats, but toys. In other words, highly, if not totally, expendable.

But the problems with the Reset, and with all of the Green New Deal projects, are that they operate in a computer model-based world that is rather significantly divorced from real life, and certainly, intentionally, disregards class (and caste).

There are also new ideas like 'human capital bonds'. It sounds complex but this is just a more draconian loan arrangement where, if you default, for example while going to medical school, even if you graduate you wont be allowed to practice. Everything in this new economy gives people less power and less autonomy.

The issues with all AI and with the advanced technology praised by the Reset are philosophical more than scientific. Part of the problem is that the real world is enormously complex. Like weather prediction, anything more than six or seven days out is all but impossible. There are too many unknown factors and variables. This truth can be extrapolated to just about any real world problem. But for all the growing skepticism about AI, the proponents (who know these problems) continue to propagandize the benefits and the infinite possibilities of an AI-dominated future.

The most absurd are the transhumanists. Given how little is actually known about consciousness, and considering that all AI is just math, it seems almost infantile to think we are going to learn better with implants, or work more efficiently. Alongside that is the issue of prediction. Perhaps this was built into the Enlightenment, but what Adorno and Horkheimer came to call 'instrumental thinking' is now embraced unquestioningly by the new peddlers of AI.

Back to the philosophical issue. Wittgenstein famously said:

If a lion could speak, we would not understand it.

Language is part of a shared horizon of the world (as Steven Gambardella put it). Computers can simulate thought, but only up to a point. (See Chinese Box experiment)

The whole modern conception of the world is founded on the illusion that the so-called laws of nature are the explanations of natural phenomena. Thus people today stop at the laws of nature, treating them as something inviolable, just as God and Fate were treated in past ages. Ludwig Wittgenstein (Tractatus)

AI is the Alchemy of the 21st century. The new Reset, driven by the high net worth figures from Wall Street, Silicon Valley, or the Royal Houses of Europe, is a fantasy. But a fantasy that is part of a long class struggle.

And at a certain point it doesn't matter, not totally, if AI works.

If errors occur in computation, or in facial recognition, or in food allotments to the projected new slave class, the billionaires on their yachts wont mind. If the implant in my brain crashes during a scheduled update, that's just one less servant to feed.

And there is also a clear de-population agenda at work in all this. Certainly David Attenborough and Baroness Goodall are big on getting rid of the indigenous people in Africa. Nearly all of the pro-Reset leadership believe in depopulation. Prince Charles, another who prefers he keep his privilege. It is not an accident that an Ursula von der Leyen is running point for the EU now. A descendent of the biggest slave trader in Europe at one time. It speaks to exactly why a Hugo Chavez, for example, so offended these people. Or an Evo Morales. Remember it was not so long ago that the U.S. worked to control and neutralize African independence movements. While Cuba and the U.S.S.R. helped to support those movements. Dick Cheney until the 90s called Mandela a terrorist.

This intentional demolition of capitalism, as we have come to know it, is designed to enclose populations via surveillance, digital tagging, health passports, and no doubt much more. Again, if the digital tag doesn't work, so what? I happen to think much of this ruling class dream is doomed to fail on the technical level. The problem is that it quite possibly will work on a political and control level.

Depopulation is rebranded eugenics, and nothing else. The royals of Europe have always longed for a return to what, for them, was colonial grandeur. The fantasy future is nostalgia for the ruling class. The dream can be traced back to what the Empire has always done. They destroy anything democratic and/or socialist. They support any dictator at any time because they believe they deserve more and more of what is better. Let them eat cake.

They have crushed independence and autonomy for all of the 20th century and now into the 21st. The Mau Mau uprising in Kenya, the assassination of Lumumba, Vietnam, Indonesia and Suharto, El Salvador ( U.S. support for Roberto D'Aubuisson, a fervent admirer of Hitler), or Nicaragua, or Chile, the former Yugoslavia. One could go on and on and on. The U.S. support for Papa Doc in Haiti, for Trujillo in the Dominican Republic. Nowhere, at any time, has the Imperialist and colonial-loving ruling class EVER supported democracy or equality. Never, nowhere, not once.

The problem is about perception. Take one of the biggest NGOs in the entire New Deal for Nature; Conservation International. These people work with the WWF, with Club of Rome, and We Mean Business. These are very wealthy business ventures. Now, Conservation International also finances the Greta Thunberg films.

HERE is their board of directors, from their web page.

Perception. But Northrup Grummon… and Riverstone Holdings. The first is a major player in the defense industry, the industry that just got a trillion dollars, give or take, from the U.S. Government. The second is a private equity firm focused on leveraged buyouts. Arnhold LLC is an investment management company. Banco BTG Pactual S/A is an investment management company and consultant to corporate trading. You get the idea. These are the people who have helped further inequality, aided environmental destruction, and helped plunder the assets of countless countries. The cynicism is jaw dropping, but many people just see Greta, see Green New Deal and assume this NGO is an innocent well-intentioned and 'woke' eco-venture.

WHY would anyone think that suddenly these people are out to save the planet?

Well, they might think they ARE saving the planet, but not for you and me. For themselves.

John Steppling is an original founding member of the Padua Hills Playwrights Festival, a two-time NEA recipient, Rockefeller Fellow in theatre, and PEN-West winner for playwrighting. He's had plays produced in LA, NYC, SF, Louisville, and at universities across the US, as well in Warsaw, Lodz, Paris, London and Krakow. He has taught screenwriting and curated the cinematheque for five years at the Polish National Film School in Lodz, Poland. Plays include The Shaper, Dream Coast, Standard of the Breed, The Thrill, Wheel of Fortune, Dogmouth, and Phantom Luck, which won the 2010 LA Award for best play. Film credits include 52 Pick-up (directed by John Frankenheimer, 1985) and Animal Factory (directed by Steve Buscemi, 1999). A collection of his plays was published in 1999 by Sun & Moon Press as Sea of Cortez and Other Plays. He lives with wife Gunnhild Skrodal Steppling; they divide their time between Norway and the high desert of southern California. He is artistic director of the theatre collective Gunfighter Nation.
translate | 18 Jan 2021 | 10:31 pm

Population Health, Human Capital Bonds, and Black America


The following document was prepared as a briefing paper for a group working in the population health arena. The intention was to revisit the breadth of my research with a specific focus placed on what it means for Black America. A similar document could have been written for the Indigenous peoples of Turtle Island. This material is currently under review pending future distribution in a more digestible format. I am long form, always. Since this document was referenced in a panel discussion I recently participated in and was distributed to a wider audience, I feel comfortable sharing it with you here. Please know that this is a work in progress.

Briefing Document:

We find ourselves in this season of the shortest days and longest nights. Yet in these long nights we are graced with guiding stars and hands to hold in the darkness. I have heavy information to share here. But first I want you to know that we were made for these times.

On a knife's edge, teetering between sacred and profane, I know in my heart that through fortitude and moral courage humanity will prevail. Black America has lived for generations under this nation's broken social contract. With the Fourth Industrial Revolution pushing to make natural humans obsolete, many more are awakening to the lived experience of Black and Brown America. This nation grew its power on broken treaties and stolen bodies. Now is a moment of profound reckoning to face off against the threat of artificial intelligence stealing the rights of ALL sovereign beings.

Who better to lead the world towards healing and justice than Black and Brown people? Consider WEB DuBois' "Black Reconstruction," the general strike, the power of Black bodies to throw a wrench in the gears of anti-life machines. What does that look in this new arena – the World Economic Forum's Internet of Bodies? In a future run for billionaires by robots, the rich won't want the labor of the masses after we've created the digital prison and trained our mechanized replacements. Instead, they will demand total compliance as debt instruments navigating their technocratic control grid.

My friends that is NOT our destiny. In the spirit of Marimba Ani, our task is to keep the circle unbroken as the disaster of the Great Reset unfolds. Black America must stand in its full power and recognize the true nature, the magnitude, of this struggle. That struggle is against digital chattel slavery tied to global financial markets, the Internet of Bodies, human capital bonds, and smart cities running on layered digital contractual agreements.

In the decade following the global crash of the housing market, which in no small part laid the foundation for what is rolling out now, investors, academics, and non-profits developed pilots testing outcomes-based government contracts that would enable private interests to invest in social service delivery. This idea goes back at least to the mid 1990s with social entrepreneur Steve Rothschild and economist Arthur Rolnick of the Minneapolis Federal Reserve.

Advances in digital identity, e-wallets, automated data-capture; Ethereum smart contracts, artificial intelligence, behavioral analytics, machine vision, and bipartisan support for "evidence-based" results are allowing new markets in human capital finance to finally come online at scale. The Davos crowd calls it stakeholder capitalism, and it is aligned to New America's Bretton Woods II impact investing agenda. What it aims to do is pull the global "un-banked" into the marketplace – not as independent economic actors (homo economicus), but rather as commodities, livestock to be managed by emerging Fourth Sector Benefit Corporations.

There will be an alignment with communities of faith, as they will be tasked with processing the stakeholder capitalists' "assets" with approved digital "solutions" on dashboards. This is consistent with the Vatican's foray into "inclusive capitalism," and builds on three social impact investing conferences co-hosted with the University of Notre Dame's Business School.

You see history isn't past; it is very present. What the Black community is facing – the plan to feed the poor into AI algorithms to profit those who are hoarding immense wealth – must be understood as a direct extension of the Doctrine of Discovery. Dr. Justin Leroy speaks eloquently to this in a 2017 lecture given at the Whitney Museum of Art for an exhibit on debt that examined social impact bonds, "Race, Finance, and the Afterlife of Slavery." That papal bull asserted Black and Brown bodies, non-Christians, and their lands were to be viewed as assets and could thus be claimed by "enlightened" white colonists.

The same dynamic is in play with blockchain identity. Rather than double entry book keeping, which under-pinned maritime trade in stolen bodies, the world is shifting to decentralized cryptographic ledgers.  It's the same depravity, but in a shiny, new wrapper. Keep your eye on London. Vinay Gupta says blockchain law will be based in maritime law. We are entering a world structured by unseen digital contracts designed to advantage financiers. What will the jurisdictions be for lives forced into the cloud? What are the rights of digital twins? How does one hold a Decentralized Autonomous Organization accountable to the rule of law? There are so many questions that remain unanswered. These are the things Davos hopes will stay hidden until their plan is locked firmly in place.

Examples of blockchain ID social impact projects include the Amply blockchain identity app for toddlers attending daycare in Cape Town; blockchain babies in Tanzania where compliance with pre-natal appointments can be tracked for "impact;" DAPP blockchain software that uses machine vision and videos to trigger tokenized payments after documentation of proper parenting in poor households is uploaded; and the blockchain birth certificate program the state of Illinois launched with Evernym.

What I am laying out here might sound like science fiction, but it's not. These efforts are backed by the United Nations in coordination with World Bank's Human Capital Project. The World Bank has developed "smart" social impact bonds on blockchain, call bond-i. Many of these technologies, including retinal scan payments and digital currency have been developed using refugee communities through development aid channels. All the pieces were there waiting for the right catalyst. That catalyst is Covid. We must recognize this "totalitarian" software-as-a-service is now in play and could end up anywhere in the world in an instant – wherever there is money to be made.

To the tender ministrations of Ronald Cohen's Social Finance; George Overholser's Third Sector Capital Partners; Harvard Kennedy School's Government Performance Lab; Stanford's Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society; New Profit's impact investing arm America Forward; the human capital innovators at ReadyNation and Council For A Strong America; add seed money from the Social Innovation Fund and the Social Impact Partnerships Pay For Result Act. Take that combination and pour it into the nation's 8,700+ "Opportunity Zones," where thanks to the decimation of the global economy the world's largest asset holders are able to scoop up property and business in low income neighborhoods at rock bottom prices, and if they hold them for a decade they never have to pay capital gains taxes. Almost as if it had been planned.

No provisions are in place to protect local communities. Black families, who could be forced out by displacement or managed as impact commodities will have no protection under the law. Those who remain will likely become fodder for social entrepreneur wrap around services. Such programs have been perfected over thirty years in the Harlem Children's Zone by Geoffrey Canada and George Soros's former fund manager Stanley Druckenmiller with financial support from Paul Tudor Jones, hedge fund billionaire who got his start trading cotton futures and founded the Robin Hood Foundation. His foundation underwrote an entire book of equations linking social investments to economic rates of return. Feel free to browse all 168 pages published here. None of this is about eliminating poverty, but rather refining ways of growing it steadily and managing it profitably.

These arrangements, which have been set up as social impact bonds and pay for success deals, are designed to be data-driven. It is the "impact metrics" that enable the world's richest to profit off misery. The general idea is that social problems are assigned a cost, which creates an offset that is used to fund "evidence-based" "solutions." The prison industrial complex, built to brutally extract profit from the Black bodies that were excessed by the previous phase of globalization, is one of the largest cost-offsets. But chronic illnesses like asthma, diabetes, heart disease, and lead poisoning are big ones, too. The premise is that if you "fix" a poor person before they become incarcerated, diabetic, underemployed, or mentally-ill, you reduce the cost to tax-payers, and the investor can take a slice of the cost differential as a return on investment. Philanthropists, acting on behalf of finance and technology interests, fund academics at elite institutions to formulate "human capital" equations that justify this predatory enterprise.

Examples include:

On the basis of such equations global investors are financing data-driven "solutions" for social problems with the understanding that they will continue to make money on poverty, misery and trauma as long as it remains well managed. In addition the people being run through such systems are turned into commodities for mining, not for their well-being, but to remake them as interoperable data on dashboards for investment portfolios. This is where we have landed. If we don't resist now, our fate will be sealed. Life reduced to metrics stored by the National Interoperability Collaborative by Stewards of Change for artificial intelligence predictive profiling.

The World Economic Forum makes it very clear that through artificial intelligence, quantum computing, 6G, and synthetic biology the global elite intend to reengineer humanity to their own twisted ends. They envision an exclusive resort world meant for the rich and their robots. The masses, useless eaters, shall be disposed of, but profitably through creative debt structuring. The next "big short" won't be toxic bundled mortgages, but rather human capital futures comprised of poor toddlers, returning citizens, the disabled and the elderly.

Society is staring down high-tech eugenics, and it is being sold to Black America as disruptive innovation. The chains meant to bind families into this new economic system as tradable data commodities are biometric health passports. The Commons Project, a partnership of the Rockefeller Foundation and the World Economic Forum (WEF), intends to control the masses using real-time health data that will dictate rights to access work, education, and employment. Digital vaccination records will, in effect, become slave passes. One of the architects of the system, JP Pollak, is based at Cornell-Tech with another Commons Project board member and Internet of Things pioneer Deborah Estrin. I doubt many people realize that our future mobility options are being plotted in swank LEED certified buildings in the middle of the East River.

Having waged military and economic warfare against the peoples of the world, having looted the earth's resources and saddled the poor with insurmountable debt, imperial interests are closing in on the final frontier, taking over our bodies cell by cell with mRNA "therapeutics." Those who won't submit to joining this population level bioengineering program may soon find themselves locked out of a normal life.

For centuries the Black community has resisted an unrelenting colonial project.  Now we are faced with the "software of life," settler-colonialism in single-use bar-coded syringes. Colonization shrunk to the cellular level. We must face the very real prospect of a cyborg future where natural humans are wiped from the face of the earth.

We have no choice other than to do everything in our power to derail such plans. We will stand not only against the merger of man with machine, but against the privatization of public benefit systems as pay for success investment opportunities. Attempts to defund the police and reform the judicial system will be for nothing unless we see that the end game is to turn the entire world into a digital jail run on blockchain from space using satellites and 5G. They want to track the "useless eaters" like livestock, and monitor us in the panopticon of smart cities using phones with vaccination passports (slave passes) and eventually wearable and implantable (chip) technologies.

When James Bullard, the CEO of the St. Louis Federal Reserve, called for testing every person every day this spring, you have to wonder if he was thinking about Graphene biosensors that transmit health data in real time to smart sensing environments. In this brave new world of pandemic preparedness, health security finance, vaccine bonds, and Goldman Sachs' lockdown indices, the central banks intend to lay claim to bodies and minds.

They've been priming the children already, awarding skills points and badges for excellence in STEM and cyber-security (GCHQ) and robotics (Lego). They earn good behavior scrip while consuming "personalized" AI curricula funded by defense contractors. UNICEF is backing "innovative" educational software where children wouldn't even have to know how to read – they would code using gestures in virtual reality headsets with haptic controllers. Look at the branding of Nubian VR that UNICEF is rolling out in Kenya. These African children are literally having their god given senses stolen from them and are being turned into batteries to power the hive mind of a completely militarized and dying planet. Deprived of history, humanities, art, music, sports, free play, and nature, the next generation will know no life outside of Google's box.

In the coming years, the billionaires intend to force the masses, who've been pushed out of their previous jobs by the lockdowns, to code this biosecurity state into reality. The plan is for re-skilling for Fourth Industrial Revolution industries be done through Income Sharing Agreements (ISAs) in which people sign contracts to have their future wages garnished to pay back "investors" in their training. In 2018, David Cooper of Purdue Research Foundation, participated in a panel on ISAs at the annual Arizona State University – Global Silicon Valley conference. He was very clear that they anticipated the opening of a very large equity market in securitized debt for higher education (now post-Covid re-training, framed as lifelong learning). The platform to securitize the debt is Edly. Edly was co-founded by Christopher Ricciardi, the grandfather of Collateralized Debt Obligations. As you may remember it was CDOs that played a major role crashing the global economy the last time around. Once again history is not in the past, it is very much present. Each time to poor get played by the powerful.

Governor Jack Murphy, former Goldman Sachs executive, is rolling out an ISA program now in New Jersey in the form of Career Impact Bonds. This effort pairs nicely with United Way's ALICE (Assets Limited Income Constrained Employed – the working poor) campaign, which originated out of their Northern New Jersey office. There is considerable overlap between the United Way and the Federal Reserve branches on the topic of fin-clusion (financial inclusion). In fact James Bullard, the test-every person-every day guy, was former board chair of United Way USA while serving as CEO of the St. Louis Federal Reserve branch. I don't suppose it's any coincidence that two hedge fund billionaires, John Overdeck and David Siegel who have heavily subsidized ed-tech software and workforce-aligned education programs through their foundations, live in that part of the state, too.

The global reskilling will be done under the banner of a Green New Deal, a faux-rebellion staged to profit corporate masters using the best behavioral engineering money can buy. It will involve deployment of massive embedded sensor networks that will transmit information and create a layered, digital, "mixed-reality." Given how racialized the training data is, it is frightening to imagine what is will be like to navigate this "new" terrain built on a foundation of redlining, environmental racism, state violence, and deprivation.

The human capital commodities markets run on data. For this reason we must agree to push education, medicine, therapy and other services into the cloud, so data analysts can gather the metrics in service of "pay for success." We are supposed to ignore the fact that children in Congo are mining the cobalt for the devices and that the energy and water requirements needed to run server farms are unsustainable. We are supposed to overlook the e-waste. We are not meant to know that while our children are being put into artificial intelligence feedback loops (sold as "personalized learning") on HP laptops, another division of the company is running biometric border control in Palestine. They don't want us to make those connections, that this machine that is "learning" our children in intimate detail, is fabricated by a company that will likely running future geo-fencing and facial recognition operations for the biosecurity state.

Picture life as a Pokémon-Go experience. Niantic and the Knight Foundation describe this as augmented cities. Now imagine a virtual fence, the kind you might use for a pet, adjusted in real time from a phone. To this mix add digital welfare benefits that are conditional and activated only upon demonstrated completion of assigned "self-improvement" tasks. Throw in low-cost mobile devices for digital wallets, stick QR codes in key locations, add drones and robot police dogs, slave patrols remade for mega-city asymmetrical warfare. In Australia they are already pitching the idea of "walk for the dole," and they have remade their disability benefits as tokens on blockchain. They call it "programmable money." Folks know it's always been about playing the game, but this new game is going to have a lot less wriggle room after they make money "smart."

This "social improvement" plan has been in the works for years, set up by the "Giving Pledge" signers, "The Good Club." The billionaires know what's best for you, and are going to "help" whether you like it or not. Once caught in their web of digital "social care" you'll be expected to submit to operant conditioning and digital nudges. They'll call it "social prescribing." They'll call it "cradle to career" pathways." They'll call it "continuum of care". But really, it's digital slavery, and they aim to harvest your life force, and that of your children, and send it to the cloud to be harvested by misers.

The billionaires are using Covid to attempt to sell this control system to Black America with soothing, progressive-sounding words like "equity," "inclusion," and "sustainability." If this sounds like a stretch, I encourage you to read this Harvard Business Review op-ed from April that advocates Macro Eyes satellite surveillance of African children tied to vaccine compliance.

We know colonial powers have used Africa as a sacrificial zone of extraction and cheap labor for centuries. Well, the new extractive industry, according to former Alphabet / Google chairman Eric Schmidt, is data. Black bodies are being targeted as primary sites of extraction under the next phase of globalization, Globalization 4.0. Schmidt should know. His Alphabet spin-off CityBlock was set up three years ago to coordinate health-related wrap around services for urban populations. They pitch "healthy communities," but their profit center must be understood within the larger framework of human capital finance tied to data profiling.

The plan is to turn social determinants of health into a weapon that will further oppress those most in need of housing, nutrition, employment, and education. They cover the big game (Sidewalk Labs, smart city infrastructure) and the small game (the NEST unit that controls your home environment). Eric Schmidt is working with Cuomo to "Reimagine New York," including vaccine mandates. The "show me your papers" digital control mechanism works only as far as you can require continuous upgrades to that Gates Foundation-backed "software of life."

All of this runs on health data, so Google's involvement with Michael Bloomberg, ambassador to the WHO, impact investor and major proponent of ed-tech and social prescribing, in the development of the Cornell-Technion campus on Roosevelt Island is important. Their intent is to manage us through our digital dust linked to our actions within smart environments. All of that dust feeds signals intelligence informing hedge fund artificial intelligence that will be betting for us and against us in the near future.

The human capital bond market program is running through the central banking system and is closely tied to the adoption of digital wallets designed hold all sorts of tokenized assets including currencies, civil records, public benefits, and even rights and privileges. The state of Illinois, home of the commodities futures market in Chicago, has already been toying with this concept, imagining the many ways they could use innovative technologies to further control the poor.

A 2018 report to the Illinois Blockchain Task Force advanced the idea of programmable food assistance vouchers that would incentivize approved food purchases. Now combine that with the Imperial College of London's spin off DNA nudge band, which supposedly aligns food items to your DNA, using samples gathered from Covid testing. Next combine food-tracking wearables with good behavior scrip, as is being used in the school-based Houston food pantry, and you see the trap being laid out piece by piece until the monstrous totality of it can be sprung on the Black community under the guise of keeping everyone "safe" and "healthy."

The economic devastation wrought by the lockdowns will make many people wards of the state. Housing and food insecurity will put families at risk of being accused of neglect. A particular concern given that many of them are required to have surveillance devices on in their homes all day as a condition of their child "attending" school. Then, through a combination of welfare to work policies, public private partnerships, and predatory income sharing agreements like New Jersey's Career Impact Bond program, they will reskill people as fodder for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The health passports are the gateway to creating digital civil registries that will eventually track public benefit access and indebtedness.

Reduced to collections of ones and zeros our individual and collective traumas will be run through algorithms and magically transformed into investment opportunities to be packaged as securities for human capital portfolios. These bonds will be aligned with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and marketed as ESG (Environmental, Social, and Corporate Governance) compliant.

Criminalized poverty will put families on pathways of compulsory self-improvement. E-carceration takes on a whole new meaning in this era of the Internet of Bodies that is being advanced by the WEF. CoreCivic and Geo Group have already been shifting resources into social work, continuum of care. Their guards will be replaced by growing cadres of social workers, therapists, educators, and health care providers, agents of a corporate state.

Lives reduced to impact metrics feeding "pay for success" finance deals, deals that allow pension funds to say their investments are "socially-responsible." Very few realize that ESG investments aligned to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals are mostly about managing the poor as data. Goal 1 is poverty. Goal 2 is Hunger. Goal 3 is health. Goal 4 is education. No one stops to consider that creating profitable markets in poverty management is no way to solve poverty.

All of this is profoundly anti-life, the idea of using digital nudges coded into smart environments to shape our behaviors and compel us conform to a world whose rulers do not have our best interests at heart. Life is not a game for entertainment or profit. We have the right to say no, to revoke consent for ourselves and for future generations. We will not submit to e-government civil registries to be put on blockchain, a coffle for the twenty-first century. Our lives are not meant for social impact processing to remake us as compliant machines for industrially engineered society. That is not our destiny.

Take this stand for the children, the babies, and those yet unborn that they may remain grounded in the real world, not the digital one. With deep spirit refuse to accept the future being forced on the masses by a small group of sociopathic billionaires, a future that would have everyone predictively profiled as burdens on society so hedge funds can gamble our lives as futures commodities.

Dismantle the human capital bond markets plotted out in the aftermath of the last economic crash by the Federal Reserve, the United Way, pension funds, insurers, accounting firms, health management organizations, and banks. With a visceral understanding of the intergenerational trauma wrought by slavery and America's broken social compact, it is Black America that shine a light on the puppet masters advancing this program. It is rolling out because the Davos crowd has the money to buy off everyone. Electoral politics, non-profit institutions, and communities of faith are all under their thumb.

It is time to wake up to the reality that social entrepreneurship is about mining poverty for profit within a police state that is increasingly being run by artificial intelligence with drone surveillance. The Global Impact Investment Network and the Impact Management Project are calling the shots – over two thousand of the world's largest asset holders. Philanthropists like Bill Gates, Michael Bloomberg, Marc Benioff, Jeff Bezos, and Pierre Omidyar have created these destructive forms of innovative finance. It is called "Stakeholder Capitalism;" it operates out of Davos, and it intends to mine our lives to increase their wealth and power over the earth.

But we are David and in our hands we hold the pebbles that can take Goliath down. Think of Hercules, George Washington's cook at the President's House in Philadelphia, intentionally kept in slavery in a city of Free Blacks. He bided his time; he learned the ways of the machine; and then made his escape to freedom.

All of humanity, including the ancestors and the unborn are counting on us.

This is the moment.v

translate | 12 Jan 2021 | 5:42 pm

When Two Tribes Go to War: Reflections on Bertrand Russell’s Chilling Blueprint for Humanity


BERTRAND Russell's 1931 work, The Scientific Outlook, may be somewhat obscure in relation to his more famous philosophical works but one might be forgiven for imaging that it had been taken from the pages of Aldous Huxley's Brave New World. Indeed, Huxley's own volume appeared several months later and is clearly influenced by Russell. The former, of course, had produced a work of fiction and the latter an entirely serious work aimed at the British intelligentsia.

A member of the notorious Fabian Society, an organisation which has involved itself in matters pertaining to social conditioning and mass control for the best part of a century, Russell was one of a number of leading twentieth-century ideologues who wished to clip the wings of a 'troublesome' working class. In short, he was a leading propagandist for the ruling elite and The Scientific Outlook is a eugenicist blueprint designed to help facilitate a more totalitarian society under the guise of humanitarian progress:

In like manner, the scientific rulers will provide one kind of education for ordinary men and women, and another for those who are to become holders of scientific power. Ordinary men and women will be expected to be docile, industrious, punctual, thoughtless, and contented. Of these qualities probably contentment will be considered the most important. In order to produce it, all the researches of psycho-analysis, behaviourism, and biochemistry will be brought into play.

This was to involve separating boys and girls at the age of three and encouraging them to emulate their peers right down to the very last detail, thus eradicating every trace of individuality and securing absolute loyalty to a World State:

Initiative will be discouraged in these children, and insubordination, without being punished, will be scientifically trained out of them. Their education thought will be in great part manual, and when their school years come to an end they will be taught a trade. In deciding what trade they are to adopt, experts will appraise their aptitudes. […] As for the manual workers, they will be discouraged from serious thought: they will be made as comfortable as possible, and their hours of work will be much shorter than they are at present; they will have no fear of destitution or of misfortune to their children. […] If the youth is content to abandon his previous associates and to throw in his lot whole-heartedly with the rulers, he may, after suitable tests, be promoted, but if he shows any regrettable solidarity with his previous associates, the rulers will reluctantly conclude that there is nothing to be done with him except to send him to the lethal chamber before his ill-disciplined intelligence has had time to spread revolt. This will be a painful duty to the rulers, but I think they will not shrink from performing it.

This, remember, does not come from a work of fiction but a serious academic work. Those selected to become part of the ruling elite, on the other hand, would be encouraged to develop the kind of intelligence and will-power that strengthens the ranks of an existing hereditary class. More alarmingly, Russell proposed the creation of two distinct types:

Gradually, by selective breeding, the congenital differences between rulers and ruled will increase until they become almost different species. A revolt of the plebs would become as unthinkable as an organised insurrection of sheep against the practice of eating mutton.

Russell, like many other Fabians, wished to apply his dystopian vision to the entirety of humankind, but however chilling these initiatives sound – and let's not pretend that they are not already being widely implemented – I believe that a positive strain of rebellion nonetheless continues to endure and that Russell's nightmarish theory is undermined by a comparatively healthier version of two separate tribes that survives among life's great eccentrics and outsiders.

In Lucio's Confession (1913), written by the great Portuguese poet and novelist, Mário de Sá-Carneiro, a bohemian character by the name of Ricardo de Loureiro speaks at length to the book's narrator about his own unique traits:

In fact its singularity consists not in the fact that there are elements in it that cannot be found in normal lives, but in its lack of any of the elements that are thought to be common to all lives.

One might compare this startling originality to a bottle of superior wine that, whilst containing the surface traits that one may distinguish in lesser wines – texture or bouquet, for example – has none of the things one might ordinarily associate with wine itself. Perhaps a brand of great character and bearing can get by without a bottle to contain it, or even cope without the chattering opinions of a professional wine-taster?

At a time when the vast majority of people seem content to believe everything they hear in the mass media, it does appear that a small tribe of dissenters – almost a different species, it seems – is busy fulfilling Russell's prophecy in a way that would have led him to demand their immediate liquidation in the "lethal chamber".

translate | 2 Jan 2021 | 11:34 pm

Knowledge without Constraints: How Friedrich Hölderlin Overcame the Kantian-Fichtean Stranglehold


FRIEDRICH Hölderlin (1770-1843), who explored the mystical links between philosophy and poetry, was possibly the central figure among the Romantic thinkers.

Despite the fact that his brilliant and delicate mind eventually collapsed under the weight of its own innate sensitivity, resulting in Hölderlin spending the final thirty-six years of his life at a lonely tower in the university town of Tübingen, in his youth he had become an accomplished poet and one of the most important progenitors of Absolute Idealist philosophy.

Hölderlin's work later influenced that of Martin Heidegger (1889-1976), Theodor W. Adorno (1903-1969), Michel Foucault (1926-1984) and Jacques Derrida (1930-2004). Hölderlin had taken it upon himself to move beyond the Critical Idealism of Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762-1814) and he achieved this in four crucial ways. Frederick C. Beiser explains:

First, it had to deny that subject-object identity consists in the self-consciousness of the ego alone, and it had to affirm instead that it exists only in the single universal substance, of which the subjective and objective are only appearances. Second, it had to dispute the purely regulative status of the absolute and to stress its constitutive role; in other words, it had to contend that the absolute is not only an ethical ideal but an existing reality. Third, it had to transcend the Kantean-Fichtean limits on knowledge and to claim cognition of the absolute. Fourth, it had to hold that nature is not a projection of consciousness, still less an obstacle to the will, but an autonomous organism having independent reality and inherent rationality. (German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism, 1781–1801, p.375)

These four distinguishing features enabled Absolute Idealism to overcome the errors of its philosophical predecessors, and Hölderlin – who shared rooms with Friedrich Schelling (1775-1854) and G.W.F Hegel (1770-1831) – was busy laying the groundwork for a new school of Western European thought at a time when Hegel was still a Kantian and both Schelling and Novalis (1772-1801) were paying lip-service to Fichte. It is not for nothing that Hölderlin is often regarded as the father of Absolute Idealism and it is he who first encouraged Schelling and Hegel to embark on a three-year collaboration between 1801 and 1804.

Although Hölderlin is usually remembered for his mystical poetry, philosophy was always a major interest during his time at Jena. Indeed, during the course of an October 13th, 1796, letter he told his step-brother that one

must study philosophy even when you have no more money than to buy a lamp and oil, and even when you have no other time than from midnight to the crack of dawn.

Nonetheless, Hölderlin's equal fascination with poetry gave him an advantage in the sense that he sought to understand the relationship between the two. By way of his novel, Hyperion (1797), as well as the unfinished drama, The Death of Empedocles (1797-1800), Hölderlin concluded that poetry must have sovereignty over philosophy on the basis that aesthetic sense must triumph over reason. Furthermore, he believed that poetry could express what philosophy cannot and that the insights of the latter were only accessible if one employed the aesthetic sense of the former.

Fichte's own Idealism, if we may even regard it as such, had stripped nature of its mystery and sublimity and this led Hölderlin to make nature an end in itself. Unlike Fichte, therefore, he did not view nature as a mere representation that had no reality beyond our own comprehension, but as something that exists in its own right. Even Kant and Schiller, Hölderlin argued, had failed to recognise the function of beauty in a metaphysical capacity and this meant that it was reduced to a form of pleasure. For Hölderlin, beauty was not an appearance but the harmonic structure of all reality. In The Death of Empedocles, the author uses the example of Empedocles himself to epitomise the crass Subjectivism of Fichean philosophy. Although the Ancient Greek thinker sets himself up as a God, he is forced to realise that he is but a mere part of something greater and that by surrendering himself to nature – rather than seeking to dominate it – man finally realigns himself with the Absolute.

The importance of Hölderlin to the development of Absolute Idealism does not merely lie in his thorough rejection of Fichte's Subjectivist first principle and a belief in a single, universal substance, but his profound belief that we can know the Absolute through intuitive experience. Kant and Fichte were convinced that there are firm limits on the acquisition of knowledge, but when Hölderlin came to write his Tübinger hymns – most notably the 1791 'Hyme an die Schönheit' and 'Hyme an die Göttin der Harmonie' – it was already apparent that his early admiration for Kant was being outweighed by the notion that we perceive the objective reality of ideas through their appearance in nature. The first of these hymns, which celebrates Urania as the createss of all things, perfectly encapsulates Hölderlin's vision of monistic unity and universal harmony:

To find my image

more splendid within you

I breathed power and boldness within

To fathom the laws of my world.

[I made you] the creator of my creations.

Only in shadows will you sense me,

but love me, love me, my son!

Above you will see my clarity

Above you will taste the reward of your love. (I, 132)

This is a perfect example of Hölderlin's two-pronged attempt to convey philosophy through poetry and to then justify his poetical pronouncements by elaborating upon them within the realms of philosophy itself. Reasoned understanding, he argued, becomes possible through an aesthetic awareness of the Absolute and this is precisely why Hölderlin never discounted the chances of our eventually coming to know the One. As he writes in Hyperion:

Just as Jupiter's eagle heard the song of the muses, so I listen to the wonderful infinite tone within me. (III, 48)

Hölderlin's early hymns had successfully moved German philosophy away from the limitations of Kant and Fichte, but as the eighteenth century came to a close he realised that he would have to expand upon his rather vague idea that the Absolute could be understood through intuition. Whilst aesthetic sense ensures that reason does not descend into scepticism, not to mention the fact that a sceptic is often the first to admit that he or she can 'sense' or 'feel' the presence of the Absolute, Hölderlin was still eager to demonstrate that the sceptic's inability to fully perceive the whole does not preclude the potential for us to attain such an understanding.

The only way Hölderlin could outline this idea in a more concrete fashion, however, was to explain that by seeking to verbalise or conceptualise it we inevitably divide the whole and thus everything disintegrates into fragments of abstraction. This led him to conclude that the only way to describe intuition effectively is to express religious feelings through mythical language. This avoids creating artificial language that leads to abstraction. In other words, the only realistic medium in which to express that which cannot be fully explained through philosophy is poetry.

Ultimately, Hölderlin's view of life is based on a deep appreciation of ourselves within the wider context of the natural world. The recognition that man has been provided with the choice to embrace his true identity is the only real safeguard against nihilism and despair. Rather than fight against nature, or posit the dangerous subject-object dichotomy of first principles that results in so much error and confusion, we must celebrate the fact that we are one and the same. As Hölderlin explains in Hyperion:

To be one with everything that lives! With these words virtue lays down its angry armour and the spirit of man its sceptre; all thoughts die away before the image of the eternally one world, like the rules of the struggling artist before his Urania; and iron fate renounces its rule. Death fades from the bond of all beings, and in-separability and eternal youth blesses and beatifies the world. (III, 9)

It is this belief in choice, or free will, which encouraged Hölderlin to favour the mediums of poetry and literature over philosophy. This, he would contend, is the only faithful means by which the philosopher can communicate reason; i.e. outside the insufficient environs of the academic domain. By rejecting the limits that Kant and Fichte had set upon knowledge, Hölderlin had shown how personal development relies on becoming one with the Absolute.

Further Reading:

Adorno, Theodor W. Adorno; 'Parataxis: On Hölderlin's Late Poetry' in Notes to Literature, Volume II (Columbia University Press, 1992).

Beiser, Frederick C.; German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism, 1781–1801 (Harvard University Press, 2002).

Constantine, David; Hölderlin (Clarendon Press, 1988).

Fioretos, Aris (Ed.); The Solid Letter: Readings of Friedrich Hölderlin (Stanford University, 1999).

Gethmann-Siefert, Annemarie; 'Heidegger and Hölderlin: The Over-Usage of Poets in an Impoverished Time' in Heidegger Studies (1990).

Gosetti-Ferencei, Jennifer Anna; Heidegger, Hölderlin and the Subject of Poetic Language (Fordham University, 2004).

Hayden-Roy, Priscilla A.; A Foretaste of Heaven: Friedrich Hölderlin in the Context of Württemberg Pietism (Rodopi, 1994).

Heidegger, Martin; Hölderlin's Hymn "The Ister" (Indiana University, 1996).

Heidegger, Martin; Elucidations of Hölderlin's Poetry (Humanity Books, 2000).

Henrich, Dieter; The Course of Remembrance and Other Essays on Hölderlin (Stanford University, 1997).

Hölderlin, Friedrich; Selected Poems and Fragments (Penguin, 1987).

Hölderlin, Friedrich; Essays and Letters (Penguin, 2009).

Kleinberg-Levin, David Michael; Gestures of Ethical Life: Reading Hölderlin's Question of Measure After Heidegger (Stanford University, 2005).

Laplanche, Jean; Hölderlin and the Question of the Father (ELS Editions, 2007).

Lernout, Gert; The Poet as Thinker: Hölderlin in France (Camden House, 1994).

Luchte, James; Mortal Thought: Hölderlin and Philosophy (Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016).

Man, Paul de; 'Heidegger's Exegeses of Hölderlin' in Blindness and Insight (University of Minnesota, 1983).

Shelton, Roy C.; The Young Hölderlin (Peter Lang Publishing, 1973).

Waiblinger, Wilhelm; Friedrich Hölderlin's Life, Poetry and Madness (Hesperus Press, 2018).

Warminski, Andrzej; 'Readings in Interpretation: Hölderlin, Hegel, Heidegger' in Theory and History of Literature 26 (University of Minnesota Press, 1987).

translate | 2 Jan 2021 | 11:24 pm

Coronalis (poetic remix of E.Pound’s Usura, Canto XLV)


With Korona hath no man a health of his own
each sleeve forever furled and yielding
muzzles cover thy flinching face,
with Korona
hath no man a mind of his own,
painted Iris' drawn upon window panes
RAINBOWS OF CHANGE
A colourful invocation, harps and lutes adorn
the Gates of Hell, whose damned seethe full:
One hand bringeth fear, the other jabs, for me
there is now no Other, only the One!,
great chain-of-being, undone
the unbegotten and unbegun.
WITH KORONA

Seethe no man his uncles or heirs, his concubines
on deaths bed, are made not to endure
his home signed-away; sold quickly
with Korona, sin against Natural Law
is thy head ever-more of cue-tips sore
is thy brain-barrier pierced again
no poise, no attempt at pretences
with Korona, their lies grow thick
with Korona, no clear demarcation
for no man can find reliable datum
nor leave his allotted biome
seeker is kept from his stone
lover from his girlfriend's home
WITH KORONA

Bull comes not to market
Sheep bringeth no gain with Korona
Imperialis Collegium is thy murrain, Korona
hath thy blunted minds in Medea's hands
and world's stopped by the spinners' cunning.
The Reichstag was burnt by Korona
The Liberty sunk too, thereby
thusly the Lusitania was torpedo'd
by Korona
the Towers free-fell and thricely
and the dust swirled-in a new Pearl Harbour
Maddox gunned-open the Doors of Perception
and babies were offered no Amnesty,
left besides themselves, still incubated
long before Wuhan sneezed
wars were fought over the price of sugar
and we sought WMDs amongst the desert shrubs.
Thus our world was diseased, furlongs deep
before Ferguson came a'riding, roughshod
and bareback upon the Beast of Korona
pale as a mad Cow with cloven hoofs
with predictions that culled thy sheep and cattle
and did for-evermore, by stale regulation
crusheth the smallholders' will
as Korona rusteth the chisel still
it rusteth the craft and the craftsman
no more good ales shall Korona permit to be brewed
it gnaweth the virginal petals at bloom
a blossoming long overdue, set-back
BY KORONA

Some were poised to weave gold in its pattern
Azure assuredly so; Musk greweth like canker.
Adreno drained blood from the minds eye
glistening like Chrome in a dark night-sky
crimson thorns, dis-embroidered thy inheritance
our cells they say, shall now spin another's code
Emerald grows too slowly in the bosom of Earth.
Korona: the first and last Elephant in the room
truncating destiny within an artificial womb
that aims to slayeth the young man's courting
it hath feigned morality for a face, it lyeth
between the young bride and her bridegroom
CONTRA NATURAM
They have brought whores for Eleusis
Corpses are set to statistical banquet
at the behest of the UN-WEF-WHO

– Coronalis, Thom Forester (2020), based on Canto XLV by E. Pound.

translate | 3 Dec 2020 | 2:18 pm

The Great Reset abolishes the US Constitution & English Bill of Rights


The World Economic Forum's (WEF's) self proclaimed "Great Reset" is shaping the way governments around the world have responded to Covid-19. It sets the precedent for a "New Normal" where our Human Rights can be arbitrarily suspended for temporary or permanent states of emergency that are either real or engineered for that purpose.

The "Great" Reset is being organised on behalf of the United Nations, led by WEF Founder, Klaus Schwab. He has written the book on how Covid-19 can be taken advantage of to implement the "Great" Reset. This is why any debate about alternative approaches to solving the pandemic fall on deaf ears, whilst it continues to serve the implementation of their unpopular and unlawful agenda. This is why they are dragging out the pandemic far beyond any reasonable sell by date and World Bank documents indicate that the Covid-19 project may be planned to continue until March 2025. Their slogan is "Build Back Better", but for whom?

This article sets out the Great Reset's origins and legal framework. It also explains why ending lockdown and restoring liberty is not inconsistent with saving lives, because we believe that nutrient deficiencies are the primary factor in pandemics and seasonal colds. The article then concludes by explaining how the Great Reset knowingly pretends to overthrow Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, the US Constitution and the fundamental principles of Common Law.

Stakeholder Capitalism

The "Great" Reset claims to replace Capitalism with Stakeholder Capitalism. This is the over-riding of national sovereignty with the technocratic rule of the United Nations. A global government not for and by the people, but for and by their state, corporate and NGO partners. The Corporate Partners of the UN are the sole Stakeholders of Stakeholder "Capitalism".

This is the opposite of liberal democracy and free markets. You and your small business do not have a seat at the table, we are not consulted, we have no vote or veto. The UN's idea of consent is that their decrees are adopted if no objection is received within a reasonable time and yet no methods are provided to object, unless of course if you happen to be one of their Corporate Stakeholders.

The current partnership between the WEF and United Nations demonstrates that global corporations, many of which are now larger than nations, are now firmly in the driving seat, with Communist China taking a leading role. This is an attempt by the WEF and DAVOS to position their corporate partners at the helm of Global Governance. Imagine Monsanto designing school lunch policy, Bill Gates heading up your Department of Health, General Motors running your Department of Transportation, Goldman Sachs running the Treasury. This is Stakeholder "Capitalism". Completely absurd but they are giving it a go, meanwhile we are busy discussing a pandemic. This helps to explain why those questioning "the science" of the pandemic are ignored, because the response to this year's seasonal illness is not and has not been about saving us from a virus.

Universal Declaration of "Human Rights"

The Great Reset is at its core a marketing strategy and propaganda decoy that aims to sanitise, re-package and distract from the real agenda, which is to implement the world order agreed in 1948 after WWII. It is set out in Article 29 of the United Nations' Universal Declaration of "Human Rights" (1948) (UDHR). The Great Reset did not come from nowhere, as explained by Antony P Mueller.

Articles 1 to 28 of the Declaration describe positive rights that appear beneficial on the surface and that gave hope, particularly for countries that never had a constitution or bill of rights. UDHR rights can however be contradictory and many contain qualifications and derogations that make the it incompatible with Common Law and the English and US Constitutions. Any pretence of a liberal utopia are blown out of the water by UDHR Article 29.

UDHR Article 29(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.

UDHR Article 29(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

These two articles place the positive individual rights described in Articles 1 to 28 into context with a "community" that they declare we must live within or else be anti-socialist outlaws without rights. This is Socialism or Communitarianism. It ensures that individual rights will ultimately be cancelled out by the tyranny of the majority and the powerful when they become an irritation. In this case the Community is the United Nations and its Corporate Stakeholders.

UDHR Article 29(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

The kicker is Article 29(3), which authorises the UN to suspend or remove ANY right or freedom and due process of law that is contrary to their purposes and principles that could of course change at any time, No mechanisms exist to check this power. Infamous Satanist, Aleister Crowley once proclaimed "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the law" and so it has come to pass that Article 29(3) pretends to allow the United Nations to do with you as it wishes with this being the whole of the law.

Article 30 then outlaws any activity or act "aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein" including the "right and freedom" that the UN pretend to have to suspend your rights and freedoms. This Orwellian doublethink is particularly appropriate for the era given that George Orwell's dystopian 1984 novel was also published in 1948.

You must comply with but have no control over the UN's Stakeholder Community. Rather than create a world order suitable for the condition of the people, these corporate stakeholders lobby from a position of self interest. They work with governments to convince an unsuspecting public to accept policies that are not in their best interest by using manipulative applied behavioural psychology. For example using the UK Government's Behavioural Insights Team that operates in over 30 countries, with manipulative psychological units embedded into government. In the UK much of the re-framing (brain washing) of public officials has been carried out by a seditious organisation called Common Purpose.

Is Stakeholder Capitalism the new Fascism?

The Fasces symbol of Benito Mussolini's Fascism.

Stakeholder Capitalism is better described as Fascism. The Fasces, a symbol used by Benito Mussolini, is an axe formed of a bundle of sticks that represent corporations (Stakeholders) bound together by a strong corporatist state that together wield an axe head that represents the power over life and death and also liberty. This is the merger of corporate and state powers. Fascism was re-branded as public-private partnership or enterprise, or the Third Way after World War II made it unpopular. It is the political philosophy of UDHR Article 29 and the Stakeholder Capitalism of the "Great" Reset.

The Council of Europe and European Convention on Human Rights

The UK joined the Council of Europe In 1949. Their "European Social Charter and European Convention on Human Rights" adopted similar language to UDHR, implementing substantial qualifications and derogations to previously inviolable human rights in tune with UDHR, Article 29.

Some of the new "rights" are intentionally conflicted. For example the ancient right to not be arbitrarily killed by your government has become an absolute "right to life" that is being used during the pandemic to justify suspending all of your liberties to protect everybody from viral contagion.

Article 15 of the ECHR Charter is most important to lockdown. It allows the suspension of human rights during an "emergency". It has been officially invoked in response to the "pandemic". However, when you follow that link it is interesting to see that very few nations have chosen to satisfy their treaty obligation to notify the Secretary General of the Council of Europe of any derogations they have imposed. Is this because they fear backlash if such a notification were made public? Are the derogations "legal" under this treaty when no notifications have occurred?

The ECHR operates an international court of Human Rights to which many nations have delegated the arbitration of their liberties. The derogations that they allow and their complicity in the suspension of human rights during the "pandemic" should be a lesson to any country that seeks to have their liberties arbitrated by an unaccountable foreign power. Countries should withdraw from the Council of Europe and ECHR if they wish to protect their liberties.

Human Rights Act (1998)

Tony Blair finally adopted the ECHR into UK law with the Human Rights Act (1998). Whilst this did incorporate a number of derogations of human rights, Article 15 that allows suspension of human rights during emergencies was not adopted. This was due to a lively national debate with MPs threatening to vote against the Act if Article 15 was included. This could explain why the UK has relied on guidance and fixed penalty notices rather than more explicit lockdown laws, because the UK Human Rights Act has no emergency provisions. Sadly, the Human Rights Act must be abolished to protect our human rights.

International Covenant on "Civil and Political Rights) ICCPR (1976)

ICCPR Article 4. 1. "In time of public emergency which threatens the life of the na tion (sic) and the existence of which is officially proclaimed, the States Parties to the present Covenant may take measures derogating from their obligations under the present Covenant to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, provided that such measures are not inconsistent with their other obligations under international law and do not involve discrimination solely on the ground of race, col our, sex, language, religion or social origin."

Article 29 and the derogations of human rights in the ECHR were further expanded by ICCPR, Article 4, which came into force 23 March 1976. This, along with ECHR pretended to extend the UN tyranny franchise of Article 29(3) to nation states worldwide, providing them further opportunity to suspend any right or freedom, again, simply by declaring an emergency, so long as that state of emergency is in tune with the purposes and principles of the United Nations. This is why we hear for example about the Climate Emergency. Whenever you hear this terminology, know that the corporate "stakeholder" community is defining new boundaries beyond which you have no human rights. Breach your carbon quota or exit your coronavirus bubble and you become outlawed.

Covid-19 and the World Health Organisation

Regarding the Coronavirus "Pandemic", WHO guidance states that nations should issue a State of Emergency when the WHO declare a Level 5 or 6 Pandemic, which is when there is "sustained community level outbreak", thus triggering ECHR Article 15 and ICCPR Article 4, both of which pretend to allow the suspension of human rights during an emergency.

The WHO, in "Addressing ethical issues in pandemic influenza planning", page 36, discuss the absurd concept of "Valid limitations on human rights". They pretend that ICCPR, Article 4.1 allows nations to "suspend most other civil and political rights" and that "Thus, compulsory measures such as vaccination, treatment, or isolation would be permitted,".

WHO's Level 5 and 6 guidance and Pandemic Preparedness Publications set out clearly the steps that are desired in terms of social distancing measures. These have been followed and then expanded upon by national governments. The Level 5 and 6 guidance was written for but not implemented during the 2009 Swine Flu "Pandemic", which was confirmed by the European Council to have been a hoax. We were not consulted, nobody was made aware of these plans or the intention to roll them out worldwide in 2020, eleven years later. Whilst governments have gone further than WHO guidance with current unprecedented lockdowns, they have arguably not gone as far as the WHO propose is possible under international treaties.

Nowhere in the pandemic response guidance is there any attempt to provide evidence or risk assessment because these organisations are only accountable to themselves. Article 29 of the UN Charter proposes no method for scrutiny or accountability and ICCPR Article 4.1 merely has an equality clause, presumably ensuring that populations suffer an equal suspension of liberty during a state of emergency.

In the steps that have been taken, the "stakeholder" corporate agenda is clear. Work from home and social distancing forces The 4th Industrial Revolution that digitises and automates with artificial intelligence, providing the ability to "track and trace" all human activity. The digitisation of workflows previously carried out in real offices will facilitate automation, outsourcing and offshoring of previously safe local jobs to low wage countries with poor levels of pay, working conditions and terms of employment. Socialist style minimum basic income is then proposed for those in previously self sufficient employment who fall through the cracks.

Automation and AI are promoted with no recognition that eye watering levels of taxation and regulation of human labour that already place human work at an artificial competitive disadvantage to the output of robots that are not taxed or regulated. Pharmaceutical companies are also making incredible profits from the deregulation and sale of vaccines and other drugs and medical devices. Healthcare providers are seeing profits soar due to subsidies for covid cases and from being relieved of their duty to treat non-covid patients. These are just a few of the corporate agenda's being implemented through the pandemic.

Pandemics are made inevitable by WHO nutritional guidelines

We at the Weston A. Price Foundation are concerned about the social distancing approach to epidemiology from a health perspective. We challenge the viral theory of contagion in our Summer Journal. We also believe that the solution is nourishing traditional diets, rich in the fat soluble vitamins A, D and K2, as promoted by Dr Weston A. Price. Recognition of this is being avoided because vitamin D, the key nutrient for seasonal illness, is produced from cholesterol and it is stored in and obtained from the saturated fats of free range animals, eggs, dairy and fish along with vitamins A and K2. The solution therefore requires a reversal of the contemporary demonisation of cholesterol and saturated fats and an end to the disastrous policy of prescribing cholesterol reducing statins. Seasonal illness is also associated with low levels of zinc, which is primarily found in shellfish and crustaceans, in particular oysters, but also in beef, lamb and ginger.

This is the opposite of the low fat, high carbohydrate diet being promoted by the World Health Organisation that we believe made widespread chronic disease and pandemics inevitable. Their "food pyramid" was originally designed by the United States Department of Agriculture to increase demand for the commodity products of American farmers, i.e. grain, in an early example of Stakeholder "Capitalism". False health claims were then retrospectively applied. It is no surprise therefore to see Eat Forum and others working with WEF to remove animal products from our tables as part of the "Great" Reset. Why share turnover with farmers when you can make artificial meat in a factory, converting all that consumer spending into corporate profit? Our health unfortunately becomes collateral damage, which has also occurred with our liberties, as discussed below.

Comparing the Great Reset with English and American Law

Whilst the United Nations and global governance are the problem, our Common Law and Constitutions are the solution.

The most important first step towards the modern Common Law system that the United Nations is trying to abolish with the Great Reset was the English Assize of Clarendon (1166), This re-issued ancient Anglo-Saxon rights and customs during the reign of King Henry II. It established for the first time a national Common Law system of courts with Habeas corpus and trial by juries empowered to strike out judgements and laws that are unjust through Jury Nullification and rulings by judges. Court decisions create precedents that allow for adaptation to changing circumstances. It is not uncommon for Parliament in the UK or Congress in USA to reform or repeal laws in response to court judgements with there being a separation of powers between the Judiciary and the Executive.

This dynamic system, separation of powers and empowerment of the common man via fair trials and Juries allows for feedback to the governors from the governed to deliver a relatively organic, adaptive and stable system. This Common Law system is in direct conflict with the top down treaty system of the United Nations and the administrative law of continental Europe.

Magna Carta (1215)

It was violations of common law rights that caused England and USA to develop constitutions to codify certain rights that had been infringed. It is the inviolability of rights in lands with English Common Law that are under attack by the Great Reset because a global corporatist state cannot survive such constraints.

Chapter 39 "No free man shall be seized, imprisoned, dispossessed, outlawed, exiled or ruined in any way, nor in any way proceeded against, except by the lawful judgement of his peers and the law of the land."

 Chapter 40 "To no one will we sell, to no one will we deny or delay right or justice."

The Magna Carta of 1215 is the most famous attempt to make constitutional some of the principles of the Common Law. It is the first known law to have asserted that a King, at that time King John, was not above the law. The UN is therefore certainly not above the law in any Common Law jurisdiction. It included Chapters 39 and 40 that guaranteed forever the liberty, justice and due process of law that Article 29 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights pretends to abolish, along with its counterparts, the ECHR and ICCPR.

Magna Carta (1297)

The 1215 Magna Carta was a treaty between the Barons and the King. It was subsequently re-issued into Statute law in 1297 by King Edward I, proclaiming in the introductory text, which remains the law of the land, that:

"these Liberties following, to be kept in our Kingdom of England for ever."

And in Article 1 that "We have granted also, and given to all the Freemen of our Realm, for Us and our Heirs for ever, these Liberties under-written, to have and to hold to them and their Heirs, of Us and our Heirs for ever."

Magna Carta (1297) Article 29 (XXIX) "Imprisonment, &c. contrary to Law. Administration of Justice." states that: "NO Freeman shall be taken or imprisoned, or be disseised of his Freehold, or Liberties, or free Customs, or be outlawed, or exiled, or any other wise destroyed; nor will We not pass upon him, nor deal with him [condemn him,]but by lawful judgment of his Peers, or by the Law of the Land. We will sell to no man, we will not deny or defer to any man either Justice or Right."

Chapter 29 (XXIX) of the Magna Carta is the most important law still in force in the UK and possibly the world, it clearly makes arbitrary Coronavirus lockdowns unlawful. The United Nations will have been painfully aware of this when they passed their Universal Declaration of "Human Rights" in 1948 that seeks to abolish our constitutional rights and the common law when it suits them. Is this why the UDHR Article that pretends to abolish Chapter 29 of the Magna Carta is Article 29 of the UHDR? If so, this is an indication that the UN Charter and therefore the "Great" Reset are a declaration of war upon all Common Law jurisdictions including the Constitution of the United States of America, which embodies the spirit of Article 29 of the Magna Carta (1297) in the 14th Amendment.

Further evidence of intent is that Eleanor Roosevelt declared the UDHR to be an "international Magna Carta for people everywhere" and yet nothing could be further from the truth.

Article 29 of the Magna Carta (1297) remains the law of the land in the United Kingdom and Crown Dependencies and its principles remain the foundation of all common law countries.  The "Great Charter", e.g. Magna Carta was confirmed by Chapter VII of the Petition of Rights (1627), which remains law in the UK.

Magna Carta was confirmed to be retained in the Republic of Ireland by the Statute Revision Act (2007) and the whole of Ireland has its own Magna Carta Hiberniae (1216) that was also retained. It arguably remains law in Canada and Australia and remains on the statute book in New Zealand.

US Constitution, 14th Amendment

",,, No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.'

Chapter 29 of the Magna Carta (1297) is reflected in the 14th Amendment of the United States Constitution. Magna Carta includes a similar equal protection clause where it states that justice or right will not be denied or deferred to any man. This attack and declaration of war on the Magna Carta is therefore also a direct attack on the 14th Amendment of the US Constitution.

Liberty of Subjects and Due Process of Law

The road was not always smooth and grievances still occurred with various attempts subsequently made to reinforce and codify the liberties of Subjects. For example, the Liberty of Subjects Act (1354) and Observance of Due Process Act (1368) signed into law by King Edward III, both of which remain law in the UK today. They further reinforce protection of general liberties and due process. In particular, and relevant to Article 29 of the UN Declaration and all UN treaties that pretend to be able to suspend liberty and due process, the 1368 Observance of Due Process Act made Constitutional the ancient Anglo Saxon custom, that:

"if any Thing from henceforth be done to the contrary (of due process of law), it shall be void in the Law, and holden for Error".

Therefore, any treaty, enacted or imposed upon a Common Law jurisdiction, certainly in the UK, that pretends to be able to suspend due process of law can be deemed null and void, not only henceforth but also retroactively. This is an unfamiliar principle for many places that are not Common Law jurisdictions and this helps explain the hatred that is often expressed towards the Anglo Saxon customs, laws and peoples who are not accustomed to administrative, technocratic governance and derogations of their liberties. Therefore those UN treaties that suspend our rights and due process of law are "void in the law" and should be "holden for Error".

English Bill of Rights and the US Constitution

England suffered a Civil War following tyrannous Stuart rule that saw the Petition of Rights (1627) with King Charles loosing his head in 1649 after failing to comply. Finally, during the Glorious English Revolution, England produced the jewel in its the crown, the English Bill of Rights (1688), which established today's Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy that remains in full force to this day. Its clauses are similar to the first eight amendments of the United States Constitution.

Many Articles of the Bill of Rights have been contravened by the Coronavirus Regulations including:

  • Articles 1 & 2 with the imposition and suspension of laws by decree. These English articles are reflected in the Article II of the US Constitution that requires the President to ensure "that the Laws be faithfully executed".
  • Article 3 of the Bill of Rights and Chapter 1 Magna Carta (1297) have been breached regarding the unlawful state regulation and suspension of church activities, which reflect how the 1st Amendment of the US Constitution prevents state interference with the free exercise of religion.
  • Article 5 has been breached regarding commitments and prosecutions for political speech, protest, assembly and limitations on freedom of the Press with online censorship "That it is the Right of the Subjects to petition the King and all Commitments and Prosecutions for such Petitioning are Illegall." This right to the freedom of political speech is reflected in and expanded by the 1st Amendment of the US Constitution.
  • Article 6 has been breached regarding deployment of the military domestically, both on the streets in in cyberspace against the people without an Act of Parliament, with them and the Police enforcing restrictions that have not scrutinised or approved by Parliament. "That the raising or keeping a standing Army within the Kingdome in time of Peace unlesse it be with Consent of Parlyament is against Law."
  • Article 9 has been breached by pretending that the majority of MPs could pass a law that suspended the individual right of all MPs to scrutinise and vote on restrictions on behalf of their Constituents. "That the Freedome of Speech and Debates or Proceedings in Parlyament ought not to be impeached,, "
  • Articles 10 has arguably been breached regarding fixed penalty notices of up to £10,000 for assembling or running a business "That excessive Baile ought not to be required nor excessive Fines imposed nor cruell and unusuall Punishments inflicted." & 12 "That all Grants and Promises of Fines and Forfeitures of particular persons before Conviction are illegall and void." This clause is reflected in the 8th Amendment of the US Constitution that prohibits excessive bail, fines and cruel and unusual punishments.
  • Article 11 by suspending courts and Jury trials. "That Jurors ought to be duely impannelled and returned"
  • Article 13 was arguably breached by causing infrequent six monthly Parliamentary scrutiny of Coronavirus regulations. "And that for Redresse of all Grievances and for the amending strengthening and preserveing of the Lawes Parlyaments ought to be held frequently."

It should not go un-noticed that these infringements in the UK have been by a "Tory" government, that at this time is anything but Conservative, because the English Bill of Rights was passed by the Whig Party against Tory Party opposition. The Whig Party became the Liberal Party of Adam Smith and the industrial revolution. They eventually dropped their liberal economic policies when they merged with the Social Democratic Party to form the Liberal Democrats in 1988.

The English Bill of Rights remains constitutional law in the UK and Scotland has its own version, the Claim of Rights (1689). Article 9 of the English Bill of Rights was recently upheld in the UK Supreme Court in R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union [2016] EWHC 2768 (Admin), [2016] WLR(D) 564. We suspect that the English Bill of Rights applied in Normandy and Saxony, France, because they were part of England in 1688.

The English Bill of Rights is often referred to as the Bill of Rights abroad. It was recently retained in the Republic of Ireland by the Statute Revision Act (2007) with three minor repeals. it remains in statute with constitutional status in Canada, Australia and also New Zealand, which recently bolstered its liberties with the New Zealand Bill of Rights (1990), that amongst other things prohibits forced medical procedures and medical experimentation. When using the Bill of Rights and Magna Carta in your defence in these places refer to Fitzgerald v Muldoon and Others [1976] 2 NZLR 615, which upheld Article 1 of the Bill of Rights at the Supreme Court of New Zealand.

The Great Reset and Pandemic are Fraud and Treason

Most politicians and public officials are guilty of committing fraud and malfeasance in office when they read from a script a false lockdown narrative with them imposing unappraised measures handed down by the World Health Organisation. This renders them all vulnerable to private prosecution, no public official is above the law, except apparently if you run the UN or WHO. Further, any imposition of United Nations treaties that suspend liberty and due process of law within a Common Law jurisdiction is void and in error and those who seek to suspend the common law and constitution are committing sedition or treason.

The Treason Act (1351) of King Edward III remains in force in the UK as a amended by subsequent treason laws. It seeks to protect the Realm from enemies and from giving them aid and comfort in the Real or elsewhere, with similar wording to Article III of the US Constitution.

The death penalty was removed for Treason in the UK by Tony Blair's government via s.38 of the Crime and Disorder Act (1998), though life imprisonment is retained. More concerning, Gordon Brown's Government abolished the Common Law offences of Sedition and Seditious Libel in s.73 of the Coroners and Justice Act (2009). This is ironic given that the seditious fakery of Coronavirus deaths by the Coroner's system during the pandemic. Did they know what was coming?

In the USA the President swears an Oath to defend the Constitution from all enemies foreign and domestic. Similarly in the UK, the Monarch swears a Coronation Oath from the Coronation Oath Act (1688), that applies also to Canada, Australia and New Zealand, in which they, on behalf of themselves and their governments "solemnely Promise and Sweare to Governe the People of this Kingdome of England and the Dominions thereto belonging according to the Statutes in Parlyament Agreed on and the Laws and Customs of the same.". This makes it unconstitutional to attempt to overthrow the constitution and common law.

The English Bill of Rights goes further, making it unconstitutional for the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand to be ruled by a foreign power such as the United Nations, it states:

"I doe declare That noe Forreigne Prince Person Prelate, State or Potentate hath or ought to have any Jurisdiction Power Superiority Preeminence or Authoritie Ecclesiasticall or Spirituall within this Realme Soe helpe me God."

"England appears to be the rock on which the revolutionary waves split and disperse and which starves the coming society even in the womb." Karl Marx, (Cologne, December 31, 1848)

translate | 28 Nov 2020 | 8:25 pm

A CHARMED LIFE: THE MILITARY ADVENTURES OF ERNST JÜNGER


Have you forgotten yet?…

Look up, and swear by the green of the

Spring that you'll never forget.

– Siegfried Sassoon, Aftermath (1919)

WHILST continuing to be well-respected in Germany for his deeply philosophical novels, as well as his important role in the Conservative Revolutionary tendency alongside Oswald Spengler (1880-1936), Arthur Moeller van den Bruck (1876-1925), Ernst von Salomon (1902-1972), Carl Schmitt (1888-1985, Ernst Niekisch (1889-1967) and various others, Jünger's most popular and accessible work remains In Stahlgewittern or, to use the contemporary English title, The Storm of Steel: From the Diary of a German Storm-Troop Officer on the Western Front. The book, first issued privately in 1920 by the family gardener, Robert Meier, as a collection of wartime memoirs, was eventually re-written in 1924 with a stronger emphasis on nationalism in order to accord with the wave of patriotic fervour that was beginning to spread throughout Germany. In fact, between 1920 and 1961 the book went through no less than seven major revisions, with the most well-known English translations being those published by Basil Creighton in 1924 and Michael Hoffman in 2003.

As Thomas Nevin tells us, the book is a personal narrative and is

necessarily limited to the immediate and contingent realm of war's hazards. Jünger provides no objective overview of the war or its causes or aims.[1]

Like the ancient Aryans of the Kshatriya caste, Ernst Jünger was a born warrior. In 1913, the year prior to the outbreak of the First World War, this adventurous German teenager – who had spent much of his youth in the popular Wandervogel movement – had run away from home to join the French Foreign Legion and briefly served in North Africa. However, after the assassination of Archbishop Ferdinand (1863-1914) in Sarajevo saw Germany plunged into the abyss of the Great War, a nineteen year-old Jünger volunteered to join the 73rd Hanoverian Fusiliers and, by December that same year, had been made a lieutenant and was proudly leading his regiment in the Champagne-Ardenne region of France. At the small town of Bazancourt, just twenty kilometres north-east of Reims, Jünger and his comrades found themselves at the very heart of the Western Front which followed the lengthy banks of the River Suippe.

After weeks of strenuous training, both mental and physical, the company had travelled to Bazancourt by train and Jünger was immediately confronted with the tragically aesthetic and romantic dimension of the war:

We had grown up in a material age, and in each one of us there was a yearning for great experience, such as we had never known. The war had entered into us like wine. We had set out in a rain of flowers to seek the death of heroes. The war was our dream of greatness, power, and glory. It was a man's work, a duel on fields whose flowers would be stained with blood. There is no lovelier death in the world…[2]

After a long march to Orainville, Jünger was confronted with the harsher realities of early twentieth-century warfare, spending his first night in a dilapidated barn and then finding himself assigned to the 9th Company. His first day on the frontline was spent in the midst of raining bombs and the alarming scenes happening around him:

A feeling of unreality oppressed me as I stared at a figure streaming with blood whose limbs hung loose and who unceasingly gave a hoarse cry for help, as though death had him already by the throat. He was carried into a cottage with the Red Cross flag over the door. What was all this, then? The war had shown its claws and torn off its pleasant mask. It was so mysterious, so impersonal. One had scarcely given a thought to the enemy carrying on his secret and malignant existence somewhere behind. The impression of something arising entirely from beyond the pale of experience was so strange that it was difficult to see the connection of things. It was like a ghost at noon.[3]

Jünger's graphic observations and attention to detail make The Storm of Steel a fascinating and absorbing read, which is why the book itself remains so popular and well-respected throughout the world.

The 9th Company advanced through the ruins of Betricourt and the German soldiers picked their way through the Fasanerie woods at dusk. This was the first time that Jünger had found himself in the trenches and his first task was to spend the entire night acting as look-out, trying to spot the French soldiers who faced them across the darkness. Apart from the occasional stray bullet and a few wayward shells, however, no direct combat took place. The following morning, after a sleepless and exhausting night, he was charged with clearing out some of the trenches and fetching food, coffee and water for his comrades. But it wasn't always as grim as it sounds. On 14th January, 1914, he made the following entry in his diary:

Wonderful bean soup, four rations, pangs of satiety. We had an eating competition and disputed which position was the best for putting it down. I was for standing to it.[4]

Jünger enjoyed the restful periods, once lying down on some straw in the Company's huge barn and accidentally rolling up against one of the old cooking stoves and catching himself alight. His compatriots were forced to beat out the flames, but apart from a heavily charred uniform Jünger himself was uninjured.

The emotions of Jünger and his comrades fluctuated constantly, as you would expect in such an unpredictable and uncertain environment. On 7th January, for example, his Lieutenant was killed when a shell landed in the woods, but several days later, on 14th January, the men were again in buoyant mood and were yelling 'three hurrahs' for Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941) and singing German songs to the accompaniment of enemy gunfire.

Meanwhile, during a double-bout of sentry duty, Jünger found himself in hot water with one of the officers. He had fallen asleep against a tree with a blanket over his head, whilst the officer concerned had managed to sneak up on him unobserved. Hearing a sound and attempting to grab his rifle, Jünger found that the officer had taken it. As a result, he was ordered to grab a pick-axe and advance towards the French posts, one hundred metres away, but found himself completely immobilised when enemy bullets began whistling all around him:

I have never been able to forgive this N.C.O. – who soon after was severely wounded and got his discharge – for this dirty trick.[5]

On 4th February, 1915, two months after the famous Christmas Truce between British and German soldiers, the 9th Company was relieved of it duties in Oraineville by a Saxon regiment and Jünger – who later admitted that it had been the toughest experience of the entire war – and his fellow combatants were marched to Bazancourt. Once there, Jünger was garrisoned at a local school but soon had a chance to escape the basic drill and other menial duties when he was chosen by Lieutenant Hoppe to attend a course for the Officer Training Corp (O.T.C.) at the remote village of Recouvrence:

A certain number of the more youthful of us were sent there from the division to receive a thorough military training from a staff of officers and N.C.Os. detailed by each regiment.[6]

This was where Jünger was taught how to fight and command, although he also enjoyed scrambled eggs and potatoes for supper and drinking large amounts of beer with the military instructors during the long evenings.

By mid-February, 1915, Jünger heard the news that many of his old comrades in the 73rd regiment had suffered heavy losses at Perthes. On 21st March he was transferred back to Bazancourt and, just three days later, was taken to Brussels where his regiment joined those of the 76th and 164th as part of the 111th Infantry Division. Jünger was stationed at the small town of Hérinnes (Flemish: Herne), where he had to sleep in a draught-ridden barn and endure the strong sea-winds which made their way across the Flemish countryside from the coast. This was his first introduction to Belgian life:

The population, half Flemish and half Walloon, was very friendly towards us. I had many talks with the owner of an estaminet, a keen socialist and freethinker, who invited me to celebrate Easter Sunday with him, and even refused payment for what I drank. Such encounters are almost unbelievably welcome and beneficial after the rough companionship of the ranks.[7]

On 12th April, 1915, Jünger took a train to Hal and travelled across the northern section of the front and close to the battlefield at Mars-la-Tour. This is very close to the German border and Jünger often enjoyed crossing the adjacent boundary during the evenings, just to re-acquaint himself with the soil of the Fatherland. From Gravelotte the regiment marched to the railway station at Chamblay and was taken by train to Pagny-sur-Moselle, where Jünger was impressed with the beautiful village of Prény and the ruins of a local castle. On 22nd April – a year to the day after German troops had fired poison gas at their French adversaries in Ypres – the men camped in a forest beside La Grande Tranchée, where Jünger fell into a deep sleep and experienced a curious dream

in which a death's-head played the leading part. Priepke, to whom I told it in the morning, hoped the skull was a French one.[8]

The role of Jünger's company was to support the initial advance of the 76th Regiment in the battle of Les Eparges, which involved sending a huge artillery bombardment towards the enemy troops. The result was the capture of three French lines and six guns, with the enemy now in full retreat. This was Jünger's first real involvement in military combat and, almost immediately, he had to watch one of the young German fusiliers bleed to death in front of him after his carotid artery had been severed by flying shrapnel.

Soon afterwards, crawling through the shell-shocked mire, Jünger came face to face with the rotting bodies of French soldiers:

All round lay dozens of corpses, putrefied, calcined, mummified, fixed in a ghostly dance of death. The French must have carried on for months without burying their fallen comrades.[9]

Many of the dead had been relieved of their money and other valuables, too. Experiences of this kind inevitably have a deep psychological impact on the individual, as Jünger conceded in his memoirs, and whilst The Storm of Steel was chiefly designed to focus on Jünger's actual experiences of warfare, in 1922 E. S. Mittler and Son published his lengthy essay, Der Kampf als inneres Erlebnis ('War As Inward Experience'). This was followed, in 1925, by Feuer und Blut ('Fire and Blood'). Jünger was to remember those discarded French cadavers for the rest of his life.

The events at La Grande Tranchée led to hundreds of casualties on both sides, although the nearest Jünger came to being killed was running through a series of trenches with bombs falling all around him and then suffering a flesh-wound when a paper-thin splinter of shrapnel entered his left thigh. Jünger was taken by ambulance to the village church of St. Maurice, followed by a journey to Heidelberg on a hospital train. The wound took fourteen days to heal, after which he joined the reserve battalion at Hanover as a cadet, underwent another course at Doberitz and was subsequently promoted.

In September 1915, as French troops were attacking the German Army at the River Aisne, Jünger rejoined the 73rd regiment at their headquarters in Douchy. This was a small village in the Artois region and provided a safe haven where Jünger and other wounded soldiers were able to recuperate:

There were numerous canteens well provided with eatables and drinks. There was a reading-room, a café, and later even a cinema in a large barn most skilfully converted. The officers had a splendidly-equipped casino and a skittle-alley in the vicarage garden. Often companies held festive evenings at which officers and men vied with each other in drinking in the good old German style.[10]

The village contained an orchard and a pleasure-garden, with the soldiers also being able to make use of the local barber and dentist. There were no boundaries and no possessions, all of which led Jünger to compare this militaristic idyll to a primitive exercise in communist economics. In theory, at least.

The area had witnessed fierce fighting the previous year and was now in German hands. Before long, however, the call of battle sounded once again and Ernst Jünger was taken to the front to fight against the English. The line was divided into two sections – Monchy South and Monchy West – and six company zones running from A to F. Jünger joined the 6th Company in C sector and, as N.C.O, was expected to help boost the morale of his fellow officers. In that respect, he became a welcome sight for any down-hearted officer in need of a few comforting words over a cup of steaming coffee.

Jünger's note-book, compiled at the end of each day, provides a valuable insight into the events taking place. Between October and December 1915 he reports that a comrade's hat was rendered in two by an enemy bullet, despite leaving the man completely unharmed. He mentions a soldier being shot through both cheek-bones, another through the ear and one in both legs. Fusilier Hohn had an arm torn off, Heidotting was wounded in the thigh and August Kettler was hit by a bullet as he went to fetch Jünger's rations. Elsewhere, comrades such as Gutschmidt and Schafer were shot through both hands and in the knee, respectively. Landsturmsman Wiegman was wounded in the pelvis at the Altenburg Redoubt and Landsturmsman Diener was shot through the skull:

He was married and had four children. His comrades lay in wait a long while behind the parapet to take vengeance. They sobbed with rage. It is remarkable how little they grasp the war as an objective thing. They seem to regard the Englishman who fired the fatal shot as a personal enemy. I can understand it.[11]

On 11th December, Jünger had a 'sportsmanlike' exchange with an officer from the French side, after their respective companies had withdrawn to their trenches during a brief exchange of gunfire. The encounter shaped Jünger's thoughts in relation to the nature of mutual respect in times of war:

It has always been my ideal in war to eliminate all feelings of hatred and to treat my enemy as an enemy only in battle and to honour him as a man according to his courage. It is exactly in this that I have found many kindred souls among British officers. It depends, of course, on not letting oneself be blinded by excessive national feeling, as the case generally is between the French and Germans. The consciousness of the importance of one's own nation ought to reside as a matter of course and unobtrusively in everybody, just as an unconditional sense of honour does in the gentleman. Without this it is impossible to give others their due.[12]

In February, 1916, as the British were ordering forced conscription and their German opponents were beginning the Verdun Offensive, Ernst Jünger was back in Douchy and was almost killed when a huge shell hit the side of his billet and forced him to dive into the cellar: As the cellar was half above ground and separated from the garden only by a thin wall, we all crowded into the short, cramped neck of the shaft. My sheep-dog crept whimpering between our tightly-packed bodies with an animal's instinctive desire for the darkest corner.[13]

The English battery was incessant and, between 3rd and 8th February it claimed three dead, three severely injured and a further three slightly injured. During the first half of March there was something of a respite, but on 14th March more deaths and injuries were caused by 15-centimetre shell. This continued into April, although one evening an inebriated Jünger took a wrong turn 'over the top' and ended up in a large mine-crater close to the English troops. After throwing a few bombs in their general direction he made a dash towards the German trenches and ended up falling foul of one of the company's own spiked foot-angles.

In mid-April, 1916, Jünger attended another officer's training course at Croisilles. This is a small village is the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France and the course was led by Major-General Sontag. Lessons included how to conduct tactics on horseback and the men were given an extensive tour of the slaughterhouses, sawmills, pig farms, the dairy, aviation park and bakery; all of which demonstrated the immense organisation that supported the war effort from behind the scenes.

But there were times when Jünger was able to escape from military life. Whilst at Croisilles, he had made the acquaintance of a young girl after asking for directions at a local cottage. A short time afterwards, Jünger went in search of the girl again and she treated him to a hearty meal. However, on the way back to his camp he was stopped by a military policeman and eventually hauled before the 'King of Q.' after failing to produce the relevant documentation and verify his identity. This led to a further adventure, as Jünger found himself welcomed by the King and the two of them soon became engrossed in a lengthy conversation about tropical forests and other natural havens. For Jünger, this was a perfect distraction from his military duties.

On 20th June, Jünger was ordered to find out whether the English were laying mines by getting as close to their trench as possible. Crawling on his stomach through the mud and barbed wire, he was able to observe the enemy troops at close quarters, although the English had heard both he and his comrades and came within several feet of them. Luckily, they simply repaired the fence and went back to their trench without having detected the Germans at all:

Death, after towering up between the two parties in eager expectation, took himself off in disgust.[14]

The following night, Jünger and his men tried to approach the enemy trench once again, but were forced to flee under a hail of machine gun fire. The company also had to endure regular gas attacks and trench-mortar bombardments, too, thought to have been used as a diversion. On 1st July, 1916, Jünger and his men lowered thirty-nine coffins into the soil:

The great value of ceremonial observances was made clear to me on this affecting occasion. We have often, one time and another, left ten times the number of dead on the field and not been so deeply touched by the loss as we were that day beside the open graves.[15]

Jünger believed that the men of Lower Saxony, in particular, had a strong resolve and that the bravery of these 'fair-haired' soldiers knew no bounds.

On 12th August, after several weeks of fierce combat, Jünger was finally granted leave and took a train home. Almost as soon as he had arrived and begun to make himself comfortable, however, a telegram arrived and demanded that he return to the front immediately. The Somme Offensive, initiated by the Anglo-French forces the previous month, was now in full swing. By 23rd August, Jünger was transported by lorry to Le Mesnil, the setting for one of the largest and most brutal battles of the First World War.

At dusk, Jünger and his platoon were marched off to the small French village of Sailly-Saillisel:

Artillery fire of a hitherto unimagined intensity rolled and thundered on our front. Thousands of twitching flashes turned the western horizon into a sea of flowers. All the while the wounded came trailing back with white dejected faces, huddled into the ditches by the gun and ammunition columns that rattled past.[16]

Jünger was assigned a military guide and informed that the notorious Combles battlefield he was now facing was possibly the most horrific and demoralising along the entire Western front. He was taken to a battle-scarred building, where he managed to get some sleep before being woken at 4am and provided with a steel helmet. As dawn broke the men could see the dead bodies of many French citizens who had been caught up in the conflict, including the body of a little girl.

The Allied bombardment was like nothing Jünger had experienced before and seemed incessant. He and his comrades were gathered in a cellar, sitting on silk-covered armchairs and trying to cope with the ceaseless din of battle. They eventually had to march through the battlefield in single file, but their guide lost his way and they were forced to re-trace their steps. Jünger eventually relieved a Bavarian sergeant-major and spent the night in a huge shell-hole. The following morning, an English aircraft made sure that the Germans stayed there, as well as relaying their position and causing yet another bombardment to rain down upon them. The platoon eventually had to march back towards Sailly-Saillisel and then onwards to the forest of Hennois. Three days later, however, they returned to Combles and occupied a series of house cellars, as before, making good use of the vegetable gardens and treating themselves to a welcome diet of hot stew and cold salad. But when an explosion rocked the house in which they had been sheltering, a piece of shrapnel tore into Jünger's left calf:

There was a ragged hole in my putties, from which blood ran onto the ground. On the other side there was a round swelling of a shrapnel bullet under the skin. The men bound me up and took me under fire to the catacombs, where our surgeon-major-general took me in hand. Lieutenant Wetje, who happened to be passing by, held my head while the bullet was cut out with knife and scissors. The surgeon congratulated me, for the bullet had passed between the shin and the fibula without any injury to the bone.[17]

Jünger was put into the back of a Red Cross wagon and driven to the village of Fins, where he was taken to the local church. No less than 30,000 wounded German soldiers had passed through Fins in a matter of days and Jünger was transferred to St. Quentin and then by train to Gera, where he was attended to in the garrison hospital. His condition later ensured that he managed to avoid certain death when an entire German force – with whom he would have been fighting – was wiped out by the English at Guillemont, with fellow comrades such as Vogel and Sievers, both lieutenants, as well as Fahnrich and Little Schmidt, killed in action. Jünger notes in his memoirs that he would gladly have fought side by side with his men during this terrible slaughter, but a miraculous twist of fate had taken him from the battle at a crucial time:

The names of the tiniest Picardy hamlets are memorials of heroic battles to which the history of the world can find no parallel. There it was that the dusk first drank the blood of our trained and disciplined youth. Those fine qualities which had raised the German race to greatness leapt up once more in dazzling flame and then slowly went out in a sea of mud and blood.[18]

In total, Jünger spent fourteen days in the military hospital before returning to his regiment near the Grande Tranchée. After two days, however, he travelled to the mountain settlement of Hattonchâtel and from there to Mars-la-Tour in the Somme region by train. He was stationed at Bran court, an agricultural village specialising in home-made textiles, where he took a dim view of the local inhabitants for their dirty appearence and apparent lack of morals. The 2nd Company was now under the command of Lieutenant Boje, but his days were spent eating and drinking with his fellow officers in a welcome respite from the conflict itself.

On 8th November, 1916, Jünger and his men were transferred to Gonnelieu and placed under the command of Captain Bockelmann. Jünger was one of four scout officers and together they shared the house of a local priest. His job was to ensure that communication along the frontline, close to the wood at St. Pierre Vaast, functioned effectively. At one point he almost drowned whilst crossing a marsh and was also affected by a deadly cloud of phosgene shell-gas and forced to retreat. On 13th November, near the village of Rancourt, Jünger found himself dangerous close to the French line and was shot in both legs by a sniper. The bullet had passed through his right calf and grazed his left. Having forgot his field-dressing, Jünger bound the injury with a handkerchief. After dark, he was taken by stretcher to Nurlu and put into the back of Captain Bockelmann's car. From there he was taken to the Villeret field hospital and, later that evening, to the war hospital at Valenciennes.

Fourteen days later, Jünger was again back at the front. He was still limping heavily, so was assigned the role of observation officer, charged with keeping an eye on the area that ran between Nurlu and Moislaines:

All day long I crouched freezing on a chair behind the glasses in the November mist, with nothing to vary the monotony except an occasional call to test the wires. If the wire had been broken I had to have it mended by my breakdown squad. Apart from this I had nothing to do but wait for the moment of an attack.[19]

On 18th November, Jünger rejoined his regiment at Fresnoy-le-Grand. He also replaced Lieutenant Boje as commander of the 2nd Company, although they were able to enjoy a four-week period of rest and relaxation. Jünger was stationed at a house belonging to a married couple, which he also shared with Fahnrich Gornick and his brother, Fritz. During a victory parade to celebrate the triumph at St. Pierre Vaast, Jünger heard Colonel von Oppen make a few favourable comments about him and he was subsequently awarded the Iron Cross of the 1st Class. On 17th January, 1917, one month after Lloyd George had become British Prime Minister, Jünger left Fresnoy-le-Grand and attended a four-week company commanders' course at Sisonne, although he found the catering extremely unpleasant and soon became tired of the daily diet of boiled swedes.

Once again Jünger rejoined his regiment, this time at Villers-Carbonnel, assuming temporary command of the 8th Company. At this time, the Germans were in the process of retreating from the Somme, although the English continued their bombardment of the area throughout the early spring of 1917. On 5th March, when an English patrol was chased off with bombs and sniper-fire, Jünger found himself feeling rather sorry for a young English sergeant from the Royal Munster Fusiliers, who had been found dead with a pocket book containing the names and addresses of several of his friends in London. Jünger and his men buried the young man behind their trench. More skirmishes with these English patrols followed, resulting in much face-to-face combat and casualties on both sides.

On 13th March, Jünger was entrusted by Colonel von Oppen with the task of overseeing the retreat of the entire regiment from the Somme. There were four sectors in total, the other commanding officers being Reinhardt, Fischa and Lorek. The companies themselves then set about destroying the entire area around the Siegfried line and making it completely uninhabitable for the English troops, something that was achieved by felling the trees, mining the roads, fouling the wells, blowing up the cellars and booby-trapping the houses. Jünger, for one, certainly had no qualms or regrets about this necessary procedure:

As for the necessity, I have of course, as a Prussian officer, no doubt whatever. War means the destruction of the enemy without scruple and by any means. War is the harshest of all trades, and the masters of it can only entertain humane feelings so long as they do no harm. It makes no difference that these operations which the situation demanded were not very pretty.[20]

On 17th March the English attacked in numbers, but were soon dispersed under fire from their German adversaries. The latter booby-trapped their trench and withdrew, crossing the nearby river and employing specialist engineers to blow up the bridges and thus prevent the enemy from advancing further. On reaching the village of Lehaucourt on the St. Quentin Canal, Jünger occupied a small cottage, was granted fourteen days' leave and had a chance to enjoy the company of his fellow officers. This resulted in the following entry being added to his diary:

Leave spent very happily. Need have no reproaches on that score after my death.[21]

By 9th April, 1917, three days after America had declared war on Germany and shortly before the French began using tanks for the first time, Jünger was back with the 2nd Company at the village of Merignies, near Douai, sitting astride the company charger and leading a column of military vehicles along one of the more treacherous roads in the area. The following day, his battalion marched to Fresnoy and set up an observation post. Most of that April was spent setting up lines of communication and dodging enemy artillery, but at midnight on 27th April the Company was informed by telephone that an attack was due to take place at 5am. As Jünger tried to get some sleep in readiness for the activity due to take place five hours later, a shell hit the house in which he was stationed and several men were buried in the ruins:

Catching hold of the limbs that stuck out from the wreckage, we pulled out the dead bodies. One had the head struck off, and the neck on the stump was like a great sponge of blood. From the arm stump of another the broken bones projected, and the uniform was saturated by a large wound in the chest. The entrails of the third poured out from a wound in the belly. As we pulled out the last a splintered board caught in the ghastly wound with a hideous noise.[22]

At 5.15am the bombardment of Fresnoy recommenced and, by 7am, news reached them that the English had captured both Arleux and Arleux Park. The losses were incalculable.

Jünger was finally relieved on 30th April, making his way to Flers and the 1st Battalion. On discovering that the room which had been allotted to him contained a group of staff sergeant-majors, who claimed they were saving it for a local baron, Jünger had his men break down the door and throw them out. After a night spent in the luxurious confines of a warm bed, Jünger went on to Douai station and took the train to Busigny. From there he walked to the village of Serain and enjoyed several days' rest. It was there that he received the news that he was to take command of the 4th Company.

Jünger's leadership role on the Siegfried line lasted until 30th May, when Lieutenant Vogeley returned from hospital and re-assumed his position as commander. On 20th June, however, just days before American troops were set to arrive in France, something rather unexpected happened when Jünger and twenty of his men occupied a company outpost on the front and found themselves engaged in combat with the enemy:

I decided to survey the field of battle. Strange sounds and cries of pain came from the meadow where we had routed the enemy with our rifle-fire. We found a number of dead in the long grass and three wounded who begged for mercy. They were convinced we would massacre them. When I asked 'Quelle nation?' one of them answered, 'Pauvre Rajput!'[23]

The men were Indians who had enlisted in the British Army and a large number of injured were captured by Jünger's company and became prisoners-of-war. They compensated for their lack of German by speaking excellent French. Back at the cabin, the Hanoverian Fusiliers celebrated their hard-won victory over this Anglo-Indian foe with poached eggs. On 18th June, however, there were further clashes with Indian troops and the Germans suffered a number of casualties.

Jünger was then stationed at the 'bourgeois' village of Cambrai, in northern France, where he took a billet in the house of a local jeweller called Plancot-Bourlon and spent most of that July, 1917. The villagers were friendly and Jünger retained some happy memories of his time there, although he was soon back in the thick of it and immersed in heavy fighting on the blood-drenched fields of Flanders. Jünger was wounded in the lung and shoulder, forced to crawl back to his own lines in agony. Luckily, two men found him and took him to a small hut where his wounds were dressed. This led to a chance meeting:

Suddenly a young officer smeared in mud from his boots to his helmet, with the Iron Cross of the 1st Class on his breast, rushed in. It was my brother, who days before, down the line, was said to be dead. We greeted each other, smiling rather awkwardly in the stress of our feelings. After a minute or two he left me and came back with the last five men of his company. I was put in a ground-sheet and carried from the battlefield to the thunder of guns.[24]

By 17th October, after a period spent at Labry, one of the many villages of Lorraine, a rejuvenated Jünger was again back at Flanders and found himself stationed in the small town of Iseghem. Just days earlier, the British had launched the notorious Passchendaele offensive. Jünger then marched to the Flemish district of Rouselaere, which came under heavy bombing and forced the inhabitants – many of them women and children – to take shelter underground in their cellars. Again, the Germans suffered heavy casualties, although on 3rd November the regiment had some well-deserved rest at Tourcoing:

For the first time and the last during the war, every man of the 7th Company slept on a feather-bed. I occupied a magnificently furnished room in the house of an industrial magnate in the Rue de Lille. The first evening, with an open fire, the indispensable marble mantelpiece, and an armchair, was unspeakably delightful.[25]

On 29th November, Jünger and the 7th Company – under the command of Lieutenant Hoppenrath – took part in the Battle of Cambrai, where he had been stationed several months earlier. Some notable victories were scored against the English, including one incident during which Jünger was able to watch the opposing troops as they scurried through the trenches below where he was standing. Naturally, of course, a few bombs were thrown in their direction and this resulted in many deaths. Meanwhile, after a huge explosion Jünger was thrown to the ground and removed his helmet to discover two large holes. A bullet had completely passed through the helmet itself and grazed his skull. His head was bound and he was led from the battlefield in a daze. On another occasion he was thrown to the ground by another blast, this time on the forehead, and found himself blinded by the torrent of blood that was streaming from the wound. Thankfully, however, he only suffered two small flesh-wounds that ran along his hairline:

As a plaster for my fifth wound I was given fourteen days' Christmas leave, and in the course of it the Knight's Cross of the House of Hohenzollern with swords was sent to me at home.[26]

By 9th December, after his rest period, Jünger relieved the 10th Company at Vis-en-Artois along the stretch of line that ran beside the Cojeul river. A hill separated the two armies, with Jünger spending his days occupying a freezing dugout and reading books to take his mind off the war.

In late-January, 1918, amid the snows of winter, Colonel von Oppen – much respected by Jünger – died as a result of plague and was buried on foreign soil. February was spent constructing various roads and dugouts, whilst in March the Company were in Brunemont for the Great Offensive. After signing the Brest-Litovsk Treaty with Russia, the Germans had withdrawn their troops from the Eastern Front and now used them as reinforcements to bolster their long-suffering forces along the Western Front. The task of Jünger and his men, now part of a much larger army, was to force their way through the villages of Ecoust-St.-Mein and Noruil. Jünger describes the advance:

In shell-holes in front of the enemy lines, churned and churned again by the utmost pitch of shell-fire, the attacking battalions were waiting massed in companies, as far as the eye could see. When I saw this mass might piled up, the break-through seemed to me a certainty. But was there strength in us to smash the enemy's reserves and hurl them to destruction? I was confident of it. The decisive battle, the final advance, had begun. The destiny of the nations drew to its iron conclusion, and the stake was the possession of the world.[27]

As the opening skirmishes began, Jünger threw his cloak to the floor and strode forward, consumed with the heat of battle. On this occasion the English were completely routed and fled in confusion, but the battle raged on and the Germans continued to advance and dispatch the foe. Trenches were captured and provisions were hungrily devoured, with Jünger noting in his diary that the English were considerably better fed and clothed than their German adversaries. He also took possession of a coat from one of the English soldiers. Arriving back at Noreuil, Jünger reported the success to Major-General Hobel at the Brigade headquarters, and was taken along the Noreuil-Quént road and as far as the field hospital at Souchy-Coucy in the back of an ammunition wagon.

On 4th June, 1918, Jünger re-joined his regiment at Vraucourt, some distance from the frontline. He was re-instated as commander of the 7th Company by Major von Luttichau and his men warmly welcomed him back into their ranks. Before long, they were back at the front and taking up a position along the line at Puisieux-au-Mont. From nearby Achiet-le-Grand they marched along the embankment of the Bapaume railway line and then out into the countryside. Jünger was given a small, isolated hut in a collapsed trench and came to enjoy the tranquillity of solitude that it offered:

At such moments there crept over me a mood I had never known before: a certain falling-off of the fighting spirit, a war-weariness occasioned by the length of time I had been exposed to the war's excitements. Nothing but war and danger; not a night that was not convulsed with shells.[28]

Throughout July, 1918, the Germans were continuously bombarded by artillery fire and their losses soon began to accumulate. The course of the war was finally beginning to turn and the English were making significant gains. Jünger lost a great many of his comrades, but was finally relieved on 27th July by a company of the 164th Regiment. According to a letter of recommendation from Von Busse, Major-General and commander of the 111th Infantry Division, which Jünger includes in a later edition of The Storm of Steel, the 73rd Fusilier Regiment

has added in the most brilliant fashion to its high reputation as a brave and war-tried unit in the severe fighting which was renewed against an enemy much superior in numbers […] Lieutenant Jünger earned fresh recognition. Already six times wounded, he was on this occasion, as always, a shining example to both officers and men.[29]

By 30th July, ten days after the German retreat at the Marne, Ernst Jünger was enjoying some hard-earned rest in an artisan's house at Sauchy Lestrée in the Artois region. Despite having to survive on nothing but gherkins, or what some of the men described as 'gardener's sausage', he was able to spend his time reading, shooting, riding, bathing and cycling. On 23rd August, Jünger marched through Cambrai to Marquion in the early hours of the morning, and was told to expect an attack from enemy tanks.

He also gave a speech to his assembled troops, in which he attempted to revive their flagging spirits amid news that Germany was clearly losing the war:

It was also my principle not to raise their courage by big words nor to threaten the coward. I spoke rather to this effect: – I know well enough that no one will leave me in the lurch. We are all afraid, but we must fight against it. To be overcome by one's weakness is only human. At such a moment look at your leader and your fellows.[30]

The men advanced towards enemy lines from the western edge of Favreuil, although they were soon in the midst of more carnage as the English shelled them incessantly. Jünger was fired upon from a machine-gun and took a hit to the chest. Stretcher-bearers were called for and it was discovered that he had two circular wounds on his chest and was finding it difficult to breathe. Realising that the enemy were about to surround them, he pulled himself to his feet, grabbed a revolver and returned to the fray:

The scene became more and more lively. We were surrounded by a circle of Germans and English and called upon to throw down our weapons. I urged those nearest me in a weak voice to fight it out to the death. Friend and foe were fired on alike. Some who surrounded our little band were shouting, some were dumb. On the left two gigantic Englishmen were using their bayonets in a length of trench from which hands were held up imploring mercy.[31]

But still Jünger refused to give in and he shot one of the men dead, before limping across the mud with blood cascading from his chest. He eventually reached his trench and an N.C.O. from the Medical Corps tore off his tunic and attempted to stem the flow of blood by wrapping Jünger in a ground-sheet. He was taken to a dressing-station and soon put to sleep with a dose of morphine. The following day he was driven to the field hospital and placed in the care of the Catholic nuns that made up the nursing staff. During his recuperation, Jünger amused himself by counting the injuries on his body, which included six rifle wounds, one shrapnel wound, one shell-splinter wound, three bomb-splinter wounds, two rifle bullet-splinter wounds and various other scars, all of which amounted to twenty punctures.

After fourteen days, Jünger was heading back to the Fatherland on a hospital train, secure in the knowledge that he had done his bit for his country. Arriving at Hanover, he was taken to the Clementine Infirmary, where, on 22nd September, 1918, he received a telegram from General von Busse:

His Majesty the Kaiser has bestowed on you the order Pour le Mérite. I congratulate you in the name of the whole Division.[32]

Curiously, throughout his memoirs Jünger never questions why he was fighting on the vicious battlefields that staged Europe's greatest tragedy, but ends his war diary with the following words:

We stand in the memory of the dead who are holy to us, and we believe ourselves entrusted with the true and spiritual welfare of our people. We stand for what will be and for what has been. Though force without and barbarity within conglomerate in sombre clouds, yet so long as the blade of a sword will strike a spark in the night it may be said: Germany lives and Germany shall never go under![33]

According to Thomas Nevin, on the other hand, who compares Jünger's narrative approach with that of Ancient Greek mythology:

Objectively considered, every war is its own spectacle, but the Homeric scenario informed Jünger to a fateful degree because his experience of the Great War had an objective correlation in the Greek epic. In Homer, the waging of war overwhelms the purported goal itself. There is no promise of eventual peace or an eventual dominion for the victors. Like the warriors before Troy, Jünger was engaged in fighting for its sake.[34]

However, for those who believe that Jünger's memoirs are little more than an expression of brutal militarism and the ethics of the machine gun, I would contend that The Storm of Steel itself is a representation of basic survival against all the odds. Jünger is not justifying the brutalities of modern warfare, he simply recognises that it is inextricably bound up with human nature and is therefore showing us how to deal with it. His ability to face up to the hardships of life are certainly far superior to the insipid pacifism contained in ridiculously naïve and unrealistic novels such as All Quiet on the Western Front.

Finally, unlike the many German critics of the war, Jünger never sought to lay the blame for his country's defeat at the door of those who had seemingly betrayed her interests by first surrendering and then, on 28th June, 1919, signing the hated Treaty of Versailles. As an epitome of the warrior-philosopher, Jünger knew – ironically, perhaps – that much good can arise from defeat and that the lessons that had been learnt had the potential to sow the seeds for a new German nation. Needless to say, if he had foreseen the coming of Hitler and the Nazis he may well have revised that opinion.

Notes:

1. Thomas Nevin; Ernst Jünger and Germany: Into the Abyss 1914-1945 (Constable, 1997), p.42.

2. Ernst Jünger; The Storm of Steel: From the Diary of a German Storm-Troop Officer on the Western Front (Howard Fertig, 1996), p.1.

3. Ibid., p.3.

4. Ibid., pp.8-9.

5. Ibid., p.10.

6. Ibid., p12.

7. Ibid., p.16.

8. Ibid., p.18.

9. Ibid., p.22.

10. Ibid., p.32.

11. Ibid., pp.48-9.

12. Ibid., p.52.

13. Ibid., p.57.

14. Ibid., p.70.

15. Ibid., p.86.

16. Ibid., p.92.

17. Ibid., p.106.

18. Ibid., p.110.

19. Ibid., pp.117-8.

20. Ibid., pp.126-7.

21. Ibid., p.130.

22. Ibid., pp.135-6.

23. Ibid., p.152.

24. Ibid., p.189.

25. Ibid., p.220.

26. Ibid., p.237.

27. Ibid., pp.253-4.

28. Ibid., pp.285-6.

29. Ibid., pp.298-9.

30. Ibid., p.304.

31. Ibid., pp.310-1.

32. Ibid., p.318.

33. Ibid., pp.318-9.

34. Thomas Nevin; Ernst Jünger and Germany: Into the Abyss 1914-1945, op. cit., p.41.

Bibliography:

Hervier, Julian; The Details of time: Conversations with Ernst Jünger (Marsilio Publishing, 1995).

Huyssens, Andreas; Fortifying the Heart: Ernst Jünger's Armoured Texts in New German Critique, No. 59 (Spring/ Summer 1993).

Jünger, Ernst; The Storm of Steel: From the Diary of a German Storm-Troop Officer on the Western Front (Howard Fertig, 1996).

Jünger, Ernst; Copse 125: A Chronicle from the Trench Warfare of 1918 (Howard Fertig, 2003).

Jünger, Ernst; On Pain (Telos Press, 2008).

Nevin, Thomas; Ernst Jünger and Germany: Into the Abyss 1914-1945 (Constable, 1997).

Southgate, Troy; Jünger: Thoughts & Perspectives, Volume Eleven (Black Front Press, 2012).

Southgate, Troy (Ed.); Eye of the Storm: The Conservative Revolutionaries of 1920s, 1930s and 1940s Germany – Volume One (Black Front Press, 2017).

Southgate, Troy (Ed.); Eye of the Storm: The Conservative Revolutionaries of 1920s, 1930s and 1940s Germany – Volume Two (Black Front Press, 2017).

Southgate, Troy (Ed.); Soldiers, Anarchs and Ideologues: Heroes of the Conservative Revolution (Black Front Press, 2020).

Stern, J. P.; Ernst Jünger (Bowes and Bowes, 1953).

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